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23 Cards in this Set

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Joint-stock/Corporate colony
Owned by a group of investors and run through a corporation
Charter/Proprietary colony
Owned by single individuals or a group of individiuals
Royal colony
Owned and ruled by the king
New England
Plymouth Colony= Mayflower Compact; founded by William Bradford for religious reasons
MA=Founded by John Winthrop for religious freedom for Puritans (English Civil War)
CT=Founded by Thomas Hooker (kicked out of MA)
~Fundamental Orders of CT: Established a representative assembly in CT
RI= Founded by Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson (kicked out of MA) for religious freedom
Middle Colonies
PA= Founded by William Penn as a home for Quakers; b/c of tolerance, it became home to many immigrants.
NY=Previously was a Dutch colony called New Netherlands (New Amsterdam)
Southern Colonies
VA=1st permanent settlement @Jamestown, 1607;1st example of self-govt w/ the development of the House of Burgesses in 1619. John Smith, founder, came for profits. Introduced slavery and plantation system in 1619.
MD=Founded by Cecil Calvert as a haven for Catholics wanting religious freedom
GA= Debtor colony that was a buffer from the Spanish colonies
Jamestown
1st English settlement. Located in VA. 1st slaves arrived here.
House of Burgesses
1st self-government
Plantation System
Southern economy of large farms, cash crops, and slavery
Mercantilism
Economic policy that placed the colonists' trade profits in the hand of England
Indentured Servants
People that paid for their debts/passages to New World by working for a master (usually 7 yrs. service)--> Early labor system in South
Slavery
1st slaves to NA arrived in Jamestown, 1619. The Northern economy didn't need slaves so it wasn't widespread
Middle Passage
Journey between Africa and New World for slaves
Triangle Trade Route
System of trade between England, NA, and Africa.

NA--raw materials-->England--manufactured goods-->Africa--slaves-->NA
Pilgrims
Puritans that left England to practice their religion in New England (Mayflower)
Puritans
Persecuted in England b/c they wanted the Church of England to be "purified" of Catholic rituals
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Established a representative assembly in CT
Town Meetings
Sign of self-government and direct democracy. Held mostly in New England colonies (states)
Salem Witch Trials
1692 execution of people accused of witchcraft in MA. Example of restricted religious freedomn; Made famous in the play The Crucible.
Religious Dissenters
Those people with different religious ideas wer NOT accepted in Colonial New England
~Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
Quakers
Religious group in PA led by William Penn-->believed in equality, tolerance, and pacifism
Catholics
Persecuted in some colonies; accepted in Maryland and Middle Colonies
American Indians
Many different tribes that struggled with English settlers for land.