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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Political Party
An association of voters with common interests who want to influence government decisions by electing a candidate for their party
One Party System
Systems where the party and government are the same. NOT democratic
Multi-Party System
3 or more parties comptete for government control
Two-Party System
US has 2 parties that dominate the political system. Other parties exist, but rarely make a big impact on govt.
Democratic-Republican party
-Thomas Jefferson, Wanted to limit national govt. power, More power to states, Protect individual rights, Strict interpretation of the Constitution
Federalist Party
-Alexander Hamilton, Strong national government and strong prez, Loose interpretation of the Constitution, Faded away in early 1800's
Whig Party
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Third Party
Challenge other 2 parties, can affect the outcome of elections and may influence government and policy
A series of statements expressing the party's priciples, beliefs, and positions of election issues
Each individual part of a political party's platform
less government involvement
more government involvement
1890's; made up of farmers and laborers, called for direct election of senators and 8 hour working day
circa 1900';s, wanted reforms in society; biggest candidate was Teddy Roosevelt(after he'd already been President)
Single Issue Party
Arise not to win election, but to promote a social, economic, or moral issue

Ex. Prohibitionist Party: ban the sale of alcohol
Ideological Party
Focus of changing society in major ways

Ex. Libertarian Party: cut govt. size to increase individual freedoms
Form around candidates who can't get backing from either major party
***Add Later***
***Add Later***
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***Add Later***
the act of providing approval and support
National Committee
representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party
National Party chairperson
individual elected by the national committee who manages the daily operations of the national party
a representative to a meeting
A meeting of political party members to conduct party business
a geographic area within a city or county with a specific amount of votes
Several adjoining precincts
County Chairperson
a person who runs a county committee, often having a great deal of political power in the county
Political Machines
When a local party becomes so strong that they sweep every election

Ex. Late 1800s, NYC's Tammany Hall, led by William Marcy "Boss" Tweed
Nomination Process
Declare candidacy>Campaign to party>Primaries>Win nomination>Campaign against other party>General Election>Win Election>Electoral College (if Presidential Election)
Direct Primary
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
Closed Primary
an election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party's nominees
Open Primary
an election in which voters need not declare their party preference to vote for the party's nominees
the most votes among all those running for a political office
Runoff Primary
second primary election between the two candidates who received the most votes in the primary election
a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states