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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Equal Justice under the law
Every person is equal under the law, and therefore is given the same treatment for the same crime
Article III
Deals with the Judicial Branch
Judiciary Act of 1789
Established federal district courts and circuit courts of appeals
Jurisdiction
A court's authority to hear and decide cases
Exclusive jurisdiction
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Concurrent jurisdiction
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
US District courts~
Federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
Original Jurisdiction
The authority to hear cases for the first time
US Courts of Appeals
Judges, no jury, Appellate jurisdiction, 2nd highest court in the US
Appeals courts
A court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts
Appellate jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
Circuit
The area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals
Remand
To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
Opinion
A detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court's decision in a case
Precedent
A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
Magistrates
Pre-grand jury
US Attorneys
People who work for the federal government as prosecutors in criminal cases and defense attorneys for civil suits
US Marshals
Law enforcement of each federal judicial district. Their job includes: Delivering subpoenas, Tracking down fugitives, and protecting judges and court officials
Subpoena
A writ requiring appearance in court to give testimony.
Constitutional
In accordance with the Constitution
Judicial Review
The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution
Docket
A court's calendar, showing the schedual of cases it is to hear
Brief
A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case
Majority Opinion
A statement that presents the views of the majority of Supreme Court justices regarding a case
Dissenting opinion
A statement written by by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion
Concurring opinion
A statement written by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons
Stare decisis
The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases