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15 Cards in this Set

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protoplasm
all living substances within a cell
eucaryotic cells
cells that possess both organelles and a nucleus that is surrounded by a nuclear membrane
procayotic cell
A cell that lacks a nuclear membrane and has only indistinct organelles; found only in kingdom Monera
plasma membrane
The cell membrane; the cellular membrane that forms the outermost boundary of a cell's cytoplasm
cell wall
A rigid structure manufactured by the cell; located outside the plasma membrane; often made of cellulose, silica, or other substances
capsule
a cellular secretion surrounding certain algae and bacteria
sheath
a thick capsule that surrounds a colony of bacteria
cytoplasm
all the material inside the plasma membrane of a cell, excluding the nucleus.
cytoplasmic matrix
the colloid portion of the cytoplasm
cytoplasmic organelles
specialized structures in cells, such as mitochondria, that accomplish various cellular functions
ribosome
a nonmembrane-bound cellular organelle associated with protein formation
endoplasmic reticulum
a cellular structure consisting of a complex network of fine, branching tubules.
mitochondria
membrane-bound cellular organelles responsible for the respiration of foods to release usuable energy
plastides
membrane-bound orgabelles found in plants, algae, and a few other oragnisms, but not in amimals
chloroplast
an organelle that contains chlorophyll for photosynthesis