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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
hyphae
all fungi except yeast have bodies composed of slender, vegetative filaments
mycelium
-when hyphae grow, they branch and interweave into a tangled mass
Tips of hyphae (function in 2 ways)
- help in nutrition: secrete digestive enqymes & absorb molecules for energy
-help in reproduction: release spores (asexual)
Sexual reproduction (how)
hyphae from 2 mating types fuse
-fungal nuclei pair up but may not fuse
dikaryon
mycelium with paired nuclei
Phylum Zygomycota (ex; rep?)
black bread molds
-reproduce sexually
Phylum Ascomycota (exs; rep?)
truffles, yeast, mildew, cup fungi, other bread molds
-reproduce sexually
Phylum Basidlomycota (exs; rep?)
-mushrooms, puffballs, rust, smuts
-reproduce sexually
Phylum Deuteromycota (exs?; rep)
-aka Fungi Imperfecti
-penicillin mold, atheletes foot fungus, ringworm
-have not been observed as having forms of sexual reproduction
Lichen (2)
symbiotic association between
1. fungus- provides material and protection
2. photosynthetic algae- provides nutrients
- sensitive to population