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133 Cards in this Set

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transport oxygen to all cells in body
RBC's
aka red blood cells
erythrocytes
lack a nucleus
anucleate
iron protein
hemoglobin
small biconcave disks
RBC
~ ______ RBC's / cubic mm
5 million
decrease in O carrying ability
anemia
abnormal hemaglobin becomes spikey and clogs up the blood flow
sickle cell anemia
disease common in african americans
sickle cell anemia
excesive RBC's
polycythemia
bone marrow cancer
polycythemia vera
aka WBC's
leukicytes
~___-___ WBC's / cub. mm
4000-11000
only complete cell in blood with neuclei and organnelles
WBC
can move in and out of blood vessels
diapedesis
respond to chemicals to locate damage
positive chemotaxis
> 11,000 WBC per cubic mm
leukocytosis
low WBC
leukopenia
White Blood
leukemia
bone marrow is cancerous
leukemia
massive amount of WBC but they are immature and wont work
leukemia
granular with a lobed neuclei
granulocyte WBC
phagocyte with multi lobed nuclei and cytoplasm
neutrophil
has a blue red nuclei
eosinophil
the # increase druing pollen/allergy season
eosinophil
rarest WBC
basophil
lack granules
agranulocytes
has a normal shaped nuclei
agranulocytes
WBC tht help with immune response
lymphocytes
largest WBC
monocytes
fighting infections
microphage
fragments of multinucleate cells
platelets
used for clotting
platelets
platelets- __ /cubic mm
300,000
blood cell formation
hematopoiesis
stoppage of blood flow
hemostasis
3 phases of hemostasis
(1) vascular spasms
(2) platelet plug forms
(3) blood clotting
clot that forms and persists in an unbroken vessel
thrombus
thrombus that breaks away from the vessel wall and floats in blood
embolus
not enough platelets; normal movements cause spontanious bleeding from sm. bv's
thrombocytopenia
hereditary bleeding disorder with a lack of clotting
hemophilia
loss of __-__% of blood results in paleness and weakness
15-30
loss of >__% of blood results in shock and can be fatal
30
genetic protein found on plasma membrane of RBC's
antigen
tell immune system to give off antibodies to fight foreign objects
antigen
binding of antibodies that causes RBC's to clump
agglutination
shuts down kidneys
agglutination
identified in the Rhesus monkey and later found in humans
RH antigens
fetal hemoglobin
HbF
fetal RBC's are destroyed to fast and liver cant filter waste
jaundice
bile mixes with blood
jaundice
carries oxygen and nutrients
cardiovascular system
rids cells of wastes
cardiovascular system
pumps blood
heart
network of tubes to carry blood
blood vessels
~ size of a fist
heart
pointed end toward right hip
apex
double sac of serous membrane
pericardium
hugs heart surface
visceral pericardium
imflammed pericardium
pericarditis
outer layer of heart
erpocardium
thick cardiac muscle
myocardium
inner layer; lines chambers
endocardium
recieving chambers for blood
atria
discharge chambers for blood
venticles
there are ___ ventricles
2
divides heart longitudinally through ventricles
interventricular septum
to carry blood to lungs for gas exchange and back to heart
pulmonary circulation
blood goes to left sided of heart through 4 pulm. veins
pulmonary circulation
blood from left side of heart goes to body tissues and back to right of heart
systemic circulation
bicuspid mitral valve
left atrioventricular valves
tricuspid mitral valve
right atrioventricular valves
guard arteries
semilunar valves
myocardium is lacking Oxy. and you get a crushing chest pain
angina pectoris
heart attck
myocardial infarction
heart pumps ~___ of blood/day
6000 qts.
give strength to muscular walls of ventricles
purkinje fibers
pacemaker that starts each new heart beat
SA node
recording that traces the heart flow
electrocardiogram (ECG)
ventricles beat at own rate
heartblock
lack of blood to heart
ischemia
rapid shudder of heart
fibrillation
major causes of death from heart attack
fibrillation
fast heart beat; over __ per min.
tachycardia;100
slow heart beat
bradycardia
heart ventricles contract
systole
heart ventricles relax
diastole
complete heart beat
cardiac cycle
one cardiac cycle takes ~__ seconds
0.8
heart beats ~ __ times/min.
75
used to hear heart
stethoscope
AV valves close (longer and louder)
lub
emilunar valve closes
dup
abnormal heart sound
murmur
blood isn't smooth as it runs through veins
murmur
narrowed veins
stenosed
progressive condition
congestive heart failure
weakening of the heart by coronary atherosclerosis
congestive heart failure
a closed transpot system how blood circulates inside the blood vessels
vascular system
english physician who illustrated that blood flows in circles
William Harvey
take blood away from heart
arteries
smaller arteries
arterioles
minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
capillaries
drain the capillaries
venules
drain venules and empty into heart
veins
largest artery of body
aorta
as the aorta arches and moves down
ascending aorta
where aortic arch moves through the thorax along spine
thoracic aorta
thoracic aorta moves through diaphram
abdominal aorta
drains head and arms
superior vena cava
drains lower body
inferior vena cava
supplies neck, into skull and cranium
internal carotid artery
complete cirlce of blood vessels that surrounds the base of the brain
circle of willis
drain digestive oragns and deliver blood to liver
hepatic portal
in umbilical cord
fetal circulation
_ blood vessesl, _ umbilical vein, _ umbilical arteries
3;1;2
include arterial pulse, BP, respiratory rate, and body temp
vital signs
expand and recoil of an artery with each beat of left ventricle
arterial pulse
preassure the blood exerts against inner walls of blood vessles
BP
low BP, usually below 100
hypotension
high BP above 140/90
hypertension
input and outpt of air into lungs
respiratory rate
body temp. normal at __ deg.
98.6
tube heats and pumps blood by 4th week
embryo
4 chambers formed by 7th week
embryo
___ heart defects caues 50% of infant deaths
congenital
3 causes of birth defects/deaths
(1)maternal (2)environmental (3)drugs during first 3 months
occur when older
varicose veins
happens when you stand on feet a lot
varicose vains
aka purple snake lines
varicose veins
serous condtion of varicose veins
thrombophlebitis
veins swell and form clots
thrombophlebitis
when vessels fill with fatty calcified deposits
coronary artery disease