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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
irregular heart rhythms
arrhythmias
rapid and irregular or out of phase contraction in which control of heart rhythm is taken away from the SA node by rapid activity in other heart regions
fibrillation
abnormal pacemaker
ectopic focus
pace set by the AV node, 40-60 bpm
junctional rhythm
premature contraction, before the SA node initiates the next contraction
extrasystole
interferes with the ability of the ventricles to receive pacing impulses
heart block
most common of all birth defects
congenital heart defects
temporary low blood pressure and dizziness wheny they rise suddenly from sitting
orthostatic hypotension
poor nutrition
chronic hypotension
circulatory shock
acute hypotension
inflammation of the nasal mucosa accompatnies by excessive mucus production,nasal congestion and nasal drip
rhinitis
inflamed sinuses
sinusitis
drain middle ear cavities and allow middle ear pressure to equalize with atmospheric pressure
pharyngotympanic (auditory) tubes
inflammation of vocal folds, volcal fold swell interfere with their vibration
laryngitis
inflammation of the pleurae, often results from pneumonia
pleurisy
lung collapse, air enters the pleural cavity through a chest wound
atelectasis
presence of air in the intrapleural space
pneumothorax
common resp. disorder of neonates. alveoli of lungs are not developed to sustain life until after 20th week of gestation, high death probability, 1/3 baby deaths, results from lack of surfactant fluid in alveoli
infant respiratory distress syndrome
when P O2 is greater than 2.5-3
oxygen toxicity
inadequate oxygen delivery to body tissues
hypoxia