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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
connective
blood is classified as a complex connective tissue. type of tissue fibers that ramify throughout the myocardium construct the fibrous skeleton of the heart.
fibrinogen
clotting proteins found in plasma, 4% of plasma proteins
electrocardiogram
The curve traced by a cardiograph, used in the diagnosis of heart disorders.a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
arteries
vessels that transport blood away from the heart
hemostasis
the stoppage of blood flow; involves thre phases
kissing disease
infectious mononucleosis
myocardium
the middle layer of the heart wall, composed of cardiac fibrous skeleton of the heart. forms the bulk of the heart.
plasma
sticky, straw-colored, liquied portion of the blood comprising 55%
globin
1 globin, molecular makeup of hemoglobin. bind with carbon dioxide.
heme
4 of these make up hemoglobin . molecule
dup
normal heart sound due to the closure of the semilunar valves when the ventricles relax
capillaries
microscopic vessels that form dense networks that branch throughout nearly all body tissues; have direct access to every cell in the body for exchange of mateirals between blood and interstitial fluid
apex
the point of the heart that rests on the diaphragm and its superior margin lies at the level of the second rib.
arterioles
SMALLEST of the arterial vessels which feed directly into the capilary beds
leukocytes
those blood cells whose primary function is to fight off infections
tunics
distinct layers composing a blood vessel wall
erythrocytes
those blood cells whose primary function is the transport of oxygen to the cells and carbon dioxide away from the cells
lub
normal heart sound due to the closrue of the atrioventricular valves when the ventricles contract
albumin
normal osmotic pressure
thrombocytes
those blood cells whose primary function is in blood clotting
superior vena cava
large vein which carries blood from the upper parts of the body to the right atrium
systemic
systems of the body
thallasemia, sickle-cell
disease type of anemia, abnormal hemoglobin
acidophils
another name for eosinophil, stain with acidic dyes
pulmonary veins
veins which carry blood from the right and left lungs to the left atrium of the heart; only veins in the body which carry oxygenated blood
hematocrit
counts the % of erythrocytes in whole blood; should average about 45%
pulmonary arteries
artery which carries blood from the right ventricle to the lungs; only artery in the body which carries deoxygenated blood
semilunar
valves located between the ventricles and the arteries leading away from the heart
buffy coat
found at the junction between the two other major parts of the blood; composed of white blood cells and platelets; make up less than 1%
iron-deficiency, pernicious
anemia, decreasing hemoglobin content
4
number of chambers in humans
blood vessels
the conducting structures, forms a closed delivery system that begins and ends at the heart; stretch for approximately 60000 miles; conduits for blood
cardiac conduction system
initiates heartbeat, intrinsic
atrioventricular
valves located between the atria and ventricles
blood
the flowing medium, indispensable "life fluid" that courses through the body's blood vessels, provides the means by which the body's cells receive essential nutrients an d oxygen and dispose of their metabolic wastes
formed elements
the blood cells which comprise 45%, blood cell
hemorragic, hemolitic, aplastic
types of anemia, insufficient erythrocytes
heart
the pumping structure
blood pressure
measure of the systolic and diastolic pressures exerted on the arteries
septum
wall which separtates the heart into right and left halves longitudinally
CONE-SHAPED
the shape of the heart, muscular organ located within the mediastinum of the thorax
Type AB
universal recipient, rarest type
cancer of blood
leukemia
dissolved solutes
10% of plasma
pericardium
loosely fitting double outer layer consists of the
60,000 MILES
LENGTH OF BLOOD VESSELS