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21 Cards in this Set

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Rome
The former center of both the ancient Roman Republic and the Roman Empire; capital of present-day Italy
Sicily
An island in the Mediterranean Sea of the southwest tip of the Italian peninsula.
Alps
Europe’s highest mountains, extending in an arch from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan peninsula.
Apennine Mountains
A mountain range on the Italian peninsula.
Latium
A plain on the west coast of Italy on which the city of Rome was built.
Tiber River
A river flowing southward from north-central Italy across the Latium plain, and into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
plebians
Roman citizens who farmed, traded, and made things for a living.
representative
A person elected by citizens to speak and act for them.
Senate
The oldest and most powerful branch of the Roman Republic.
tribune
Citizens who worked to gain rights for the plebeians of Rome. Leaders of the Citizen Assembly.
consul
The third branch of the Roman Republic. One of two senators elected each year for the powerful position.
republic
A form of government where people elect representatives to speak or act for them. “public things”
patricians
Members of Rome’s noble families.
Twelve Tables
The Roman Republics collection on laws on 12 wooden tablets.
Punic Wars
A series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in the 200s B.C., ending in a victory for Rome.
Livy
Historian of the Roman Republic who wrote about the struggle between plebeians and patricians of Rome.
Hannibal
General of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War.
Scipio
Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the battle of Zama outside Carthage, North Africa.
Forum
The city market and meeting place in the center of ancient Rome.
Carthage
An ancient city on the north coast of Africa who fought Rome in the Punic Wars.
Zama
Site in northern Africa where the Roman army defeated the Carthaginian army in 202 B.C.