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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a young inventor from Massachusetts who developed a machine to solve the problem of cotton cleaning in the South.
Eli Whitney (13)
a large, forested region across the Appalachians, drained by the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, which boasts some of the best agricultural soil on earth.
Central Plains (13)
the "father of waters."
Mississippi (13)
a large area of privately owned land where crops were grown through the labor of workers, usually slaves who lived on the land.
plantation (13)
the most important crop in the South after 1793, its sales overseas earned more money, by 1860 than all other U.S. exports combined.
cotton (13)
a hand-operated machine that cleans seeds and other unwanted material from cotton.
cotton gin (13)
a successful southern factory in Richmond, Virginia which made ammunition and weapons for the U.S. army as well as steam engines, rails, and locomotives using mostly slave labor.
Tredegar Iron Works (13)
began in England in the late 1700s and spread to America and the rest of Europe, it was the dramatic change in economics brought about by the use of machines to do work formerly done by hand.
Industrial Revolution (13)
a business/inventor from Boston who built the first American textile factory along the Merrimack River.
Francis Cabot Lowell (13)
the American inventor who developed the sewing machine.
Elias Howe (13)
a Virginia farmer who in 1831 built a working model of "a right smart" machine which could cut 28 times more grain than a single man using a scythe.
Cyrus McCormick (13)
"a right smart" machine that could cut 28 times more grain than a single man using a scythe.
reaper (13)
in 1806, Congress funded the construction of a highway across the Appalachian Mountains whose purpose was to tie the new western states with the East.
National Road (13)
in 1807, this American inventor showed that travel by steamboats were more practical, faster, and cheaper than travel by land.
Robert Fulton (13)
Robert Fulton's steamboat which, in 1807, showed that steamboats were practical.
the Clermont (13)
the New York river where Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont was launched.
Hudson River (13)
this body of water in New York State provided the first all-water link between farms on the Central Plains and east coast cities.
Erie Canal (13)
a person who moves from one country to another.
immigrant (13)