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35 Cards in this Set

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as factory in New York City composed of nearly 500 employees, most of them young immigrant women which experienced one of the most disastrous industrial fires in history.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory (24)
the birth and growth of businesses that make and distribute products through the use of machinery.
industrialization (24)
a Scottish immigrant who in 1872 went to England to study a less expensive method of making steel and in the process became the owner of the most powerful steel manufacturing company in the United States.
Andrew Carnegie (24)
the English inventor who developed a less expensive method of making steel.
Henry Bessemer (24)
the way of making steel less expensively.
Bessemer process (24)
by buying up several rival steep companies and controlling every step in the steel-making process, Andrew Carnegie formed this giant conglomerate.
Carnegie Steel Company (24)
the process in steel making when molten metal meets cold air as it cleans the steel of impurities.
Kelly-Bessemer process (24)
the inventor who helped to transform electricity from a scientific curiosity into a practical source of light and power.
Thomas Edison (24)
the Scottish immigrant who invented the telephone in 1876.
Alexander Graham Bell (24)
this inventor of the cotton gin also had the idea of assembling a wide variety of products from interchangeable parts.
Eli Whitney (24)
a style of women's blouse specialized by the Triangle Factory in New York City.
shirtwaist (24)
the production manager at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory during the fire that destroyed it.
Sam Bernstein (24)
a business that is owned by many investors.
corporations (24)
the investors who buy the stock and in return for investment, they hope to receive dividends, or a share of the corporation's profits.
stockholders (24)
a giant in the oil business, he introduced the trust, another form of business organization which was a group of corporations run by a single board of directors.
John D. Rockefeller (24)
a group of corporations that unite in order to reduce competition and control prices in a business or an industry.
trust (24)
the name of John D. Rockefeller's trust, which combined all of his many business corporations into one and made it more efficient than ever.
Standard Oil Trust (24)
a company that controls all production and sales of a particular product or a service.
monopoly (24)
he was to banking and finance what Carnegie and Rockefeller were to steel and oil, he used his financial resources to buy Carnegie's steel company.
J. P. Morgan (24)
Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan, and others, it was the term used by critics for business leaders who controlled huge trusts and made their fortunes by crushing their competitors.
"robber barons" (24)
one of the two men who owned the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, he was the one who entertained buyers from stores to convince them to carry Triangle products.
Max Blanck (24)
one of the two owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, he was the one who ran the factory - kept up with garment production, machinery maintenance, and work flow.
Isaac Harris (24)
the growth of cities.
urbanization (24)
cheap apartment buildings one person described as "great prison-like structures of brick, with narrow doors and windows, cramped passages and steep, rickety stairs."
tenements (24)
a writer who came to Chicago with his brother and found that "everything interested us. . . . nothing was commonplace; nothing was ugly to us."
Hamlin Garland (24)
the landlord of the building where the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory was located.
Joseph Asch (24)
a former cap factory worker who started forming unions in the 1830s.
Rose Schneiderman (24)
early labor organizations that brought together workers in the same trade, or job, to fight for better wages and working conditions.
trade unions (24)
in 1869, he organized a new union known as the Knights of Labor, which he hoped to unite "men and women of every craft, creed, and color" into"one common brotherhood."
Uriah Stephens (24)
a new union organized in 1869 by Uriah Stephens which led several strikes against telegraph and railroad companies and grew to over 700,000 members.
Knights of Labor (24)
a public space in Chicago where in a rally in 1886 someone threw a bomb at the police and as a result, four workers were sentenced to death for the bombing even though no evidence tied them to the bomb.
Haymarket Square (24)
a group of local trade unions who banded together to form this group; instead of strikes, they used collective bargaining to reach its goals.
American Federation of Labor (24)
Andrew Carnegie's partner who used 300 armed guards to protect the strikebreakers at a steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania, and as a result a battle broke out killing guards and strikers.
Henry Clay Frick (24)
a Carnegie Steel plant where Henry Clay Frick, Carnegie's partner hired 300 armed guard to protect the strikebreakers, whereby a battle ensued killing both guards and strikers.
Homestead, Pennsylvania (24)
the largest of the women's union, it represented women in clothing factories.
ILGWU (24)