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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a German schoolteacher who in the mid-1700s boarded a ship bound for the colony of Pennsylvania by borrowing the cost of his passage by signing on as an indentured servant.
Gottlieb Mittelberger (3)
a person who borrowed the cost of the passage to the colonies in exchange for working for several years for the master who bought his services.
indentured servant (3)
one of three distinct regions in the British colonies which included the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire.
New England (3)
one of three distinct regions in the British colonies which included New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.
Middle Colonies (3)
a group of people looking for freedom to practice their religion who started the colony of Pennsylvania.
Quakers (3)
one of three distinct regions in the British colonies which included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Southern Colonies (3)
plants, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit.
cash crops (3)
large farms which relied on indentured servants or enslaved Africans to sow and harvest their fields to plant cash crops.
plantations (3)
a formal document issued by the king that outlined the colony's geographic boundaries and specified how it would be governed.
charter (3)
an elected group of lawmakers which made the laws.
assembly (3)
a government whose leaders ruled in the name of god.
theocracy (3)
ruled by the people where citizens elect representatives to make and carry out laws.
democratic (3)
also called the Anglican Church, it was the official religion of England and the king was its official head.
Church of England (3)
people who wanted to "purify" the English church and wanted to simplify the church's ceremonies and its ranks of authority.
Puritans (3)
some of the Puritans who wanted to separate from the English church and form their own congregations.
Separatists (3)
the ship that carried about 50 Separatists for America in 1620.
Mayflower (3)
people who travel for religious reasons, they hoped to build their idea of a perfect society in America.
Pilgrims (3)
an agreement signed by the Pilgrims that described the way they would govern themselves in the New World.
Mayflower Compact (3)
the place near Cape Cod where the Pilgrims landed after a long, uncomfortable journey across the Atlantic.
Plymouth (3)
the name given to the colony for the Pilgrims to govern themselves by the rules of the Bible.
Massachusetts Bay Colony (3)
the founder and later the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
John Winthrop (3)
a young Puritan minister banished from Massachusetts for his religious beliefs and later established the settlement which became Rhode Island.
Roger Williams (3)
the land that Roger Williams bought from the Indians for a settlement which means "the guidance and care of god."
Providence (3)
a colonist from Massachusetts who was forced to leave for preaching against the Puritans and followed Roger Williams to establish a settlement called Portsmouth.
Anne Hutchinson (3)
the settlement Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams established for people with different religious beliefs.
Portsmouth (3)
Providence, Portsmouth, and other settlements that Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson founded which became a colony in 1647.
Rhode Island (3)
the business of capturing, transporting, and selling people as slaves.
slave trade (3)
the Puritan leader who described Rhode Island as, "the sewer of New England."
Rev. Cotton Mather (3)
the name Puritans of New England used to describe the colony of people and ideas that they rejected from their own communities.
"Rogue's Island" (3)
a Puritan clergyman who lived in New Towne, Massachusetts who convinced his family and about 100 other people to move to the Connecticut Valley.
Thomas Hooker (3)
a settlement on the site of an old Dutch fort where an earlier group of English colonists had settled reestablished by Thomas Hooker.
Hartford (3)
the first written plan or document of government for any of the colonies written by Thomas Hooker which guaranteed the right to vote to all men who were members of the Puritan church.
Fundamental Orders (3)
a separate colony who agreed to live by the "word of god" and their laws were more strict than those in Thomas Hooker's Connecticut colony.
New Haven (3)
the English monarch who in 1662 granted a charter for a new Connecticut colony that included New Haven which gave the colonists more rights than those enjoyed by any other colonists except in Rhode Island.
Charles II (3)
the English monarch who in 1677 sent Governor Andros to Hartford, Connecticut to take back the colonists' charter.
James II (3)
the English governor of Connecticut who in 1677 was sent by King James II to take back the colonists' charter.
Gov. Edmund Andros (3)
the symbol of Connecticut's freedom, when James II ordered Gov. Andros to take back the colonists' charter, someone stole it and hid it in the trunk of a huge oak tree.
"Charter Oak" (3)
one of James, the Duke of York's friends who was given huge chunks of his colony and established the colony of New Jersey to the south of New York.
Sir George Carteret (3)
one of James, the Duke of York's friends, who was given huge chunks of his colony and established the colony of New Jersey to the south of New York.
Lord John Berkeley (3)
a colony to the south of New York established by Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley given by James, the Duke of York as gifts to his two friends.
New Jersey (3)
the leader of a rebellion in New York in 1689, he was elected commander in chief of a democratic council that governed New York until 1691.
Jacob Leisler (3)
a member of the Society of Friends or Quakers who was granted a huge area of land between the Puritan colonies of New England and the Anglican colonies of the South by Charles II of England.
William Penn (3)
the father of William Penn in whose honor the new colony he founded was named after.
Admiral Penn (3)
a group of people who believed in a simple lifestyle and in treating all people its equal; they refused to bow before the king, fight in wars, or pay taxes to the Church of England.
Society of Friends (3)
a colony between the Puritan colonies of New England and the Anglican colonies of the South established by the Quakers in 1681.
Pennsylvania (3)
the law written by William Penn promising that all people of all faiths would be treated equally if they come to Pennsylvania.
Great Law of 1682 (3)
"city of brotherly love," William Penn made it the capital city of Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia (3)
named Lord Baltimore by James I, he was an English gentleman who became a Roman Catholic and wanted to start a colony for them.
Sir George Calvert (3)
the title bestowed by James I of England to Sir George Calvert, an English gentlemen who became a Roman Catholic.
Lord Baltimore (3)
the second Lord Baltimore and the founder of Maryland, he established laws to protect Catholics from persecution in the colony.
Cecil Calvert (3)
the name given by Cecil Calvert for the colony for Catholics.
Maryland (3)
the brother of Cecil Calvert who became the governor of Maryland.
Leonard Calvert (3)
the city Leonard Calvert purchased from the Native Americans in 1634 situated on a high, dry bluff.
Saint Mary's City (3)
the law which only applied to Christians that Leonard Calvert helped to pass guaranteeing religious liberty.
Act Concerning Religion (3)
the economy in which the Virginia colony was based on.
tobacco (3)
a governing body which passed a law in 1661 making African workers slaves for life.
Virginia House of Burgesses (3)
the founder of Georgia who inspired wealthy Englishmen to give money to help establish a colony where the poor could build better lives instead of going to jail.
James Oglethorpe (3)
the English king who granted James Oglethorpe the charter for Georgia because it would help keep the Spanish from moving north out of Florida.
George II (3)