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73 Cards in this Set

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In order to grow a vine and produce a crop of healthy grapes a vine needs FOUR things. They are?

Carbon Dioxide


Sunlight


Water


Warmth


Nutrients

A region with a high altitude will have what kind of climate?

a cool climate

1) What are two pests in the vineyard?

Birds and insects

Which vineyard activities help a vine to ripen grapes at the same time?

-careful pruning


-controlling the number of bunches on each vine -positioning the leaves to control temperature of the bunches or sunlight exposure.

1) What temperature is white wine fermented at? "

12 – 22 C

What temperature is red wine fermented at?

20 – 32 c

What is France's 'Traditional PDO'

appellation d'Origine Controlee (AOC)

What is Germany's 'Traditional PDOs'

Praedikatswein


Qualitaetswein

What is Italy's 'Traditional PDO'

Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)


Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)

What is Spain's 'Traditional PDO'

Denominacion de Origen (DO)


Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa)

1) Chardonnay likes cool, moderate, and hot climates. Give me an example of three of theseregions.

a) Hot -California


b) Moderate – Cote d’OR


c) Cool - Chablis

What are four areas in Burgundy that make classic Chardonnay?

Chablis


Mersault


Puligny-Montrachet


Maconnais

What climate does Pinot Noir like?

cool to moderate

Generic pinot noir can come from Burgundy AC (Bourgogne AC) but what are four specific areas that make top quality Pinot Noir in Burgundy?

Gevrey Chambertin


Nuits St George


Beaune


Pommard

Pinot Noir is refered to in Germany

Spaetburgunder

What area in the US does Pinot Noir do well?

Oregon and cooler parts of California such as Sonoma, Santa Barbara, Carneros.

What are some of the premium regions or communes on Bordeaux's LEFT bank

Medoc


Haut Medoc


Pauillac (Commune)


Margaux (Commune)


Graves


Pessac-Leognan (commune)


(these are listed north to south)

What are the most important appellations on Bordeaux's RIGHT bank?

Saint-Emilion AC (the best being St Emilion Grand Cru AC)


Pomerol AC

Many premium quality Bordeaux wines are made outside the most prestigious appellations, these are labelled as what?

Bordeaux AC


Bordeaux Superieur AC

Merlot can be described as?

Full bodied


High Alcohol


Medium to low acidity


Medium (gentle) tannins


Fruit flavours might include blackberry, black plum, clack cherry, strawberry, mint, chocolate

Cabernet does very well in this valley in California

Napa Valley

What is Carmenere?

high quality black grape variety originally from Bordeaux. The main red grape of Chile and can have a pungent green bell pepper note.

Bulk Cabernet comes from

Chile


Argentina


Southern France Pays d’Oc IGP


South Africa


California


South Eastern Australia

What are the two towns in the Loire Valley that make Sauvignon Blanc

Sancerre


Pouilly Fume

Sauvignon Blanc is blended with Semillon and sometimes Muscadelle to make dry and sweet white wines in this area?

Bordeaux

Where is Marlborough in NZ north or south island?

South Island

What are the characters of Riesling?

High acidity


aromatic


fruity


floral


citrus (lemon, lime)


honey, toast & petrol with age

What is the order of 'Praedikatswein' sweetness levels?(Germany)

Kabinett


Spaetlese


Auslese


Beerenauslese


Trockenbeerenaulese


Eiswein

Mosel produces what type of Rieslings

Lightest body, Kabinett & Spaetlese are almost always medium-sweet and high in acidity

1) Rheingau produces what type of Rieslings?

Its Kabinett, Spaetlese & Auslese are drier in style and fuller bodied than other German regions.

What are the two valleys in Australia that produce Riesling?

Clare and Eden

What are the characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz?

small grapes


thick dark skins


deeply colored wines


medium to high tannins


medium acidity


Full bodied

What are three areas in Northern Rhone famous for Syrah?

Cote Rotie, Hermitage, Crozes Hermitage

What grapes are often in the blends produced in the Southern Rhone?

Grenache, Syrah, Mouvedre and Cinsault

What is Chateauneuf-du-Pape?

Small highly regarded appellation in Southern Rhone that produces Grenache, Syrah, Mouvedre and Cinsault. Not always blended.


13 varieties are permitted in the blend here.

What is a famous areas in Australia make Syrah/Shiraz?

Hunter Valley, Mclaren Vale, Barossa Valley



Grenache (Garnacha) is often blended with Tempranillo in which Spanish region?

Rioja



Bulk Syrah and Grenache are made in which areas of Southern France?

PaysD’Oc, Languedoc

In Australia which white wine is sometimes added to Shiraz to soften the blend?

Viogner

What happened in 1855 in France?

The '1855' Classification of Medoc wines

What are the two main grape varieties of Bordeaux and which bank would be dominant in each?

Cabernet - LEFT bank


Merlot - RIGHT bank

Other Red grapes of Bordeaux are?

Cabernet franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec,

White grapes of Bordeaux

Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon

Burgundy grapes

Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Gamay

Which French region uses Domains?

Burgundy

Which villages of Burgundy make great Chardonnay?

Chablis, Meursault, Chassagne-Montrachet.

Which Australian regions are famous for Chardonnay?

Yarra Valley (VIC), Adelaide Hills (SA), Margaret River (WA)

What are two famous grapes from Alsace

Gewurztraminer & Riesling (Pinot Gris perhaps as well)

What is the white wine that is often left 'sur lie'?(Loire)

Melon Blanc grape


Muscadet Sevre et Maine 'Sur Lie'

What are two grapes that dominate the Touraine and Anjou-Saumur region?

Cabernet Franc & Chenin Blanc

What is the famous red grape of Loire

Cabernet Franc

Green grapes of Loire are?

Melon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc

The Loire Valley's Central Vineyards make great Sauvignon Blanc in these two towns.

Sancerre


Pouilly Fume

Most popular grape in Northern Rhone?

Syrah

Southern part of Rhone is all about blending these

Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

What are the main appellations in the Languedoc Roussillon

Languedoc AC, Minervos

What do the terms Grosses Gewachs, Erstes Gewachs (Rheingau) indicate?




What does Erste Lage mean?

High quality dry wine made from riper grapes, (equivalent to Spaetlese but are classified as Qualitatswein)




Erste Lage - denotes selected vineyard site suitable for Erstes Gewächs and Grosses Gewächs wines.

you see Classic or Selection on a label thisindicates the wine is a ______ style. (German)

Dry

How many regions (anabaugebite) are there in Germany?

13

Classico on an Italian label means what?

Classico indicates an historic centre a DOC or DOCG region, such as Chianti classico.


Often located on hills, there are usually the best sites to produce wine.

Riserva on an Italian label means what?

Indicates that a DOC/DOCG wine has achieved a higher minimum level of alcohol and has been matured for at least a minimum number of months before release.

The Barolo DOCG & Barberesco DOCG grape is?

Nebbiolo

The Valpolicella DOC Grape is?

Corvina (often blended with this the dominant grape)

Chianti DOCG

Sangiovese

Montepulciano D'Abruzzo grape

Montepulciano

Taurasi DOCG, and the varietals Primitivo, Aglianico & Negroamaro are from north or south Italy?

South

Where does Pinot Grigio do well in Italy?

Trentino Alto Adige


Friuli-Venezia Giulia

other white Italian Varietals

Verdicchio


(best from Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi DOC)




Trebbiano


(inexpensive neutral white wine)

Rioja uses which varietals

Tempranillo and grenache

Which tiny Spanish village makes high quality expensive wines often dominated by Garnacha

Priorat DOCa

Describe the characteristics of the Gamay grape

Light to medium bodied


medium to high acidity


low tannin


usually unoaked


strawberry, raspberry, cherry, spice


Beaujolais Cru are the best examples

Which regions or countries are famous for Chenin Blanc?




Does this grape produce a range of wines from Dry to sweet?

Touraine in the Loire Valley, Vouvray AC especially. South Africa




Yes

What what varietal does very well in the Hunter Valley in Australia; producing a single varietal, light dry wine, high in acidity that ages well?

Semillon