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73 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

In order to grow a vine and produce a crop of healthy grapes a vine needs FOUR things. They are?

Carbon Dioxide





A region with a high altitude will have what kind of climate?

a cool climate

1) What are two pests in the vineyard?

Birds and insects

Which vineyard activities help a vine to ripen grapes at the same time?

-careful pruning

-controlling the number of bunches on each vine -positioning the leaves to control temperature of the bunches or sunlight exposure.

1) What temperature is white wine fermented at? "

12 – 22 C

What temperature is red wine fermented at?

20 – 32 c

What is France's 'Traditional PDO'

appellation d'Origine Controlee (AOC)

What is Germany's 'Traditional PDOs'



What is Italy's 'Traditional PDO'

Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)

Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)

What is Spain's 'Traditional PDO'

Denominacion de Origen (DO)

Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa)

1) Chardonnay likes cool, moderate, and hot climates. Give me an example of three of theseregions.

a) Hot -California

b) Moderate – Cote d’OR

c) Cool - Chablis

What are four areas in Burgundy that make classic Chardonnay?





What climate does Pinot Noir like?

cool to moderate

Generic pinot noir can come from Burgundy AC (Bourgogne AC) but what are four specific areas that make top quality Pinot Noir in Burgundy?

Gevrey Chambertin

Nuits St George



Pinot Noir is refered to in Germany


What area in the US does Pinot Noir do well?

Oregon and cooler parts of California such as Sonoma, Santa Barbara, Carneros.

What are some of the premium regions or communes on Bordeaux's LEFT bank


Haut Medoc

Pauillac (Commune)

Margaux (Commune)


Pessac-Leognan (commune)

(these are listed north to south)

What are the most important appellations on Bordeaux's RIGHT bank?

Saint-Emilion AC (the best being St Emilion Grand Cru AC)

Pomerol AC

Many premium quality Bordeaux wines are made outside the most prestigious appellations, these are labelled as what?

Bordeaux AC

Bordeaux Superieur AC

Merlot can be described as?

Full bodied

High Alcohol

Medium to low acidity

Medium (gentle) tannins

Fruit flavours might include blackberry, black plum, clack cherry, strawberry, mint, chocolate

Cabernet does very well in this valley in California

Napa Valley

What is Carmenere?

high quality black grape variety originally from Bordeaux. The main red grape of Chile and can have a pungent green bell pepper note.

Bulk Cabernet comes from



Southern France Pays d’Oc IGP

South Africa


South Eastern Australia

What are the two towns in the Loire Valley that make Sauvignon Blanc


Pouilly Fume

Sauvignon Blanc is blended with Semillon and sometimes Muscadelle to make dry and sweet white wines in this area?


Where is Marlborough in NZ north or south island?

South Island

What are the characters of Riesling?

High acidity




citrus (lemon, lime)

honey, toast & petrol with age

What is the order of 'Praedikatswein' sweetness levels?(Germany)







Mosel produces what type of Rieslings

Lightest body, Kabinett & Spaetlese are almost always medium-sweet and high in acidity

1) Rheingau produces what type of Rieslings?

Its Kabinett, Spaetlese & Auslese are drier in style and fuller bodied than other German regions.

What are the two valleys in Australia that produce Riesling?

Clare and Eden

What are the characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz?

small grapes

thick dark skins

deeply colored wines

medium to high tannins

medium acidity

Full bodied

What are three areas in Northern Rhone famous for Syrah?

Cote Rotie, Hermitage, Crozes Hermitage

What grapes are often in the blends produced in the Southern Rhone?

Grenache, Syrah, Mouvedre and Cinsault

What is Chateauneuf-du-Pape?

Small highly regarded appellation in Southern Rhone that produces Grenache, Syrah, Mouvedre and Cinsault. Not always blended.

13 varieties are permitted in the blend here.

What is a famous areas in Australia make Syrah/Shiraz?

Hunter Valley, Mclaren Vale, Barossa Valley

Grenache (Garnacha) is often blended with Tempranillo in which Spanish region?


Bulk Syrah and Grenache are made in which areas of Southern France?

PaysD’Oc, Languedoc

In Australia which white wine is sometimes added to Shiraz to soften the blend?


What happened in 1855 in France?

The '1855' Classification of Medoc wines

What are the two main grape varieties of Bordeaux and which bank would be dominant in each?

Cabernet - LEFT bank

Merlot - RIGHT bank

Other Red grapes of Bordeaux are?

Cabernet franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec,

White grapes of Bordeaux

Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon

Burgundy grapes

Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Gamay

Which French region uses Domains?


Which villages of Burgundy make great Chardonnay?

Chablis, Meursault, Chassagne-Montrachet.

Which Australian regions are famous for Chardonnay?

Yarra Valley (VIC), Adelaide Hills (SA), Margaret River (WA)

What are two famous grapes from Alsace

Gewurztraminer & Riesling (Pinot Gris perhaps as well)

What is the white wine that is often left 'sur lie'?(Loire)

Melon Blanc grape

Muscadet Sevre et Maine 'Sur Lie'

What are two grapes that dominate the Touraine and Anjou-Saumur region?

Cabernet Franc & Chenin Blanc

What is the famous red grape of Loire

Cabernet Franc

Green grapes of Loire are?

Melon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc

The Loire Valley's Central Vineyards make great Sauvignon Blanc in these two towns.


Pouilly Fume

Most popular grape in Northern Rhone?


Southern part of Rhone is all about blending these

Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

What are the main appellations in the Languedoc Roussillon

Languedoc AC, Minervos

What do the terms Grosses Gewachs, Erstes Gewachs (Rheingau) indicate?

What does Erste Lage mean?

High quality dry wine made from riper grapes, (equivalent to Spaetlese but are classified as Qualitatswein)

Erste Lage - denotes selected vineyard site suitable for Erstes Gewächs and Grosses Gewächs wines.

you see Classic or Selection on a label thisindicates the wine is a ______ style. (German)


How many regions (anabaugebite) are there in Germany?


Classico on an Italian label means what?

Classico indicates an historic centre a DOC or DOCG region, such as Chianti classico.

Often located on hills, there are usually the best sites to produce wine.

Riserva on an Italian label means what?

Indicates that a DOC/DOCG wine has achieved a higher minimum level of alcohol and has been matured for at least a minimum number of months before release.

The Barolo DOCG & Barberesco DOCG grape is?


The Valpolicella DOC Grape is?

Corvina (often blended with this the dominant grape)

Chianti DOCG


Montepulciano D'Abruzzo grape


Taurasi DOCG, and the varietals Primitivo, Aglianico & Negroamaro are from north or south Italy?


Where does Pinot Grigio do well in Italy?

Trentino Alto Adige

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

other white Italian Varietals


(best from Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi DOC)


(inexpensive neutral white wine)

Rioja uses which varietals

Tempranillo and grenache

Which tiny Spanish village makes high quality expensive wines often dominated by Garnacha

Priorat DOCa

Describe the characteristics of the Gamay grape

Light to medium bodied

medium to high acidity

low tannin

usually unoaked

strawberry, raspberry, cherry, spice

Beaujolais Cru are the best examples

Which regions or countries are famous for Chenin Blanc?

Does this grape produce a range of wines from Dry to sweet?

Touraine in the Loire Valley, Vouvray AC especially. South Africa


What what varietal does very well in the Hunter Valley in Australia; producing a single varietal, light dry wine, high in acidity that ages well?