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31 Cards in this Set

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Black Death

A plague that swept across Asia, Middle East, and Europe due to travel and trade between West and East/ East and West. Bubonic/pneumonic plague. Resulted in lack of faith in the Catholic Church and helped spark the Protestant Revolution.

Ibn Battuta

A Moroccan explorer who traveled North Africa, Horn of Africa, West Africa, Eastern Europe, Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.

Marco Polo

A Venetian merchant who traveled from Europe to Beijing in Northeast China and back along the Silk Road. Introduced Asian culture to Westerners.

Kublai Khan

Fifth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire and founder of Yuan dynasty of China. Believed to have spread Islam to parts of China. Ruled from 1260 to 1294.

Genghis Khan

Founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He united the tribes of Northeast Asia.

Mongol Empire

Established in 1206, the Mongol Empire was the largest land empire in history that stretched from central Europe to the Sea of Japan, north past Siberia and as south as Northern India and Indochina.

Silk Road

A trade route between between East Asia and Europe. Brought luxury goods, knowledge, and people from West to East and East to West.

Indian Ocean

An important body of water for trade between Europe and Asia. Explored by Zheng He, Vasco de Gama, and other sailors.

Eurocentrism

A worldview centered on European exceptionalism; it states that Western civilization is more important in terms of historical value.

Martin Luther

A German Priest who led the Protestant Reformation and challenged the Catholic Church.

Protestant Reformation

The schism between the Catholic and Protestant Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other reformers. Questioned the motives and doctrine of Catholic Church.

Crusades

Military campaigns sanctioned by the Latin Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages. In 1095, Pope Urban II proclaimed the first Crusade with the stated goal of restoring Christian access to holy places in and near Jerusalem.

Reconquista

A period of 781 years in the history of the Iberian Peninsula; the Spanish Catholics forced Islam out of the region with the fall of Granada.

Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer who reached the Americas in 1492 after obtaining sponsorship from Spain.

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese explored who was the first to reach India by sea. He went around the horn of Africa.

Coffee Houses

Ottoman hangouts for men where coffee was enjoyed whilst watching shows and socializing.

Suleiman the Magnificent

Longest reigning emperor of the Ottoman/Turkish Empire.

Janissaries

Elite soldiers; taken as children from Christian families, converted to Islam, and trained to be skilled warriors. They were also eunuchs.

Ottoman Empire

Sunni Islamic State that began in Turkey in 1299 CE and defeated the Byzantine Empire. Controlled Southeast Europe, Western Asia, Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

European Renaissance

A period from 14th to 17th centuries. Featured advancements in art and intellectual pursuits.

Venice and Genoa

Economic rivals that struggled for dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Zheng He

Fleet Admiral during Ming Dynasty. Explored East Asia, Southeast Asia, India, Middle East, and Africa. Acquired silver for China.

Red Turban Movement

An uprising influenced by White Lotus Society (overthrowers of Yuan dynasty). Gave rise to Han China.

Ming Dynasty

Ruling dynasty of China for 276 years following the collapse of Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. Known for exploration and orderly government.

Smallpox

Disease imported to natives that killed a majority of the Meso-American population.

Colombian Exchange

A period of cultural and biological exchanges between the new and old worlds. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases, and technology transformed native American ways of life.

MesoAmerica

A region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from Central America to northern Costa Rica.

Cahokia

City-empire located in the Mississippi.

Incan Empire

Largest empire in pre-contact Americas. Located in Cusco in modern day Peru.

Tenochtitlan

Aztec city-state and capital of the empire. Largest city in pre-contact empire.

Aztec Empire

Triple alliance between Nahua city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Rule MesoAmerica from 1428 until their defeat by Cortes in 1521.