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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Critical Thinking
"a deliberate process of thought whose purpose is to discern truth in situations where direct observation is insufficient, impossible, or impractical."
What is the purpose of Critical Thinking?
to get you to visualize a problem, its solutions, and the ramifications of those solutions.
What is a direct result of mission planning involving critical thinking?
Decision Making
What is one purpose of Creative Thinking?
to better your problem solving and leadership abilities
What methods are used to better improve situations?
Simple Evolution, Synthesis, Revolution, Reapplication, and changing directions
What ae the 9 approaches that bring Disipline to Thinking?
Clarity, Accuracy, Precision, Relevance, Depth, Breadth, Logic, Significance, and Fairness
What are the 8 Intellectual Traits?
Fair-Mindedness, Intellectual Humility, Intellectual Courage, Intellectual Empathy, Intellectual Integrity, Intellectual Perseverance, Confidence in Reason, and Intellectual Autonomy
What are traits exhibited by Habitual Critical and Creative Thinkers?
Curiosity, Just because they want to know, Define a Problem, Evaluatiing Evidence, and logical reasoning
What is the process of forming conclusions, judgements, facts, opinions, or inferences?
What is reasoning where a conclusion is a logical consequence of the premise?
Deductive Reasoning or Deductive Logic
What is the process of reasoning in which a person uses a number of specific established facts to draw a general conclusion?
Inductive Reasoning or Inductive Logic
What is Observation
Collect Facts without Bias
What is Analysis?
Classify facts by establishing patterns of regularity
What is Inference?
from the patterns, infer generalizations about the relationship between facts
What is confirmation?
test the inference through futher observation
Inductive Reasoning is useful when there is _______ about a problem?
limited information
What are twop additional tools to enhance critical and creative thinking?
Making a list and Brainstorming
What are the Pitfalls in Thinking?
Internal and External Bias
What are internal biases?
Biases that are independent of your enviroment
What are some External Biases?
Cultural Deformation, Presentation Bias, Tunnel Vision, and Wishful Thinking Bias
What are two tools to avoid Pitfalls in Thinking
Diagnostic Technique and Contrarian Technique
What is Diagnostic Technique?
procedure followed to avoid the pitfall
What is Contrarian Technique?
is when you directly challenge an assumption or outcome
What ae three things you check for when using diagnostic technique?
Check your assumptions, check your information quality, and check for deception
Which technique would you use to play "devil's advocate"
Contrarian Technique
When using the Contrarian Technique it is as if you are searching for what?
the worst possible information or outcome
What are other techinque's that can be used under the Contrarian Technique?
Devil's Advocate, What if, and Pre-Mortem Technique
What are the Universal Intellectual Standards
Clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, logic, and fairness
What FM covers Critical and Creative Thinking?
FM 5-0
While your ability to think critically gets faster the more you practice it, you first?
have to think how to think