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28 Cards in this Set

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iconography

the visual images and symbols used in a work of art or the study or interpretation of these

twisted perspective

A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally

Ziggurat

In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple.

protome

A decorative element, on ancient artefacts, based on the head of an animal or bust of a person

mastaba

Arabic for "bench", rectangular brick with sloping sides

hypostyle hall

has a roof which is supported by columns

megaron

It was a rectangular hall, fronted by an open, two-columned porch, and a more or less central, open hearth vented though an oculus in the roof above it and surrounded by four columns

relieving triangle

Approximate triangle above a lintel where masonry courses in a wall are corbelled over each other so avoiding any loading on the lintel

Paleolithic

of, relating to, or denoting the early phase of the Stone Age, lasting about 2.5 million years, when primitive stone implements were used

composite view

A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; also called twisted perspective

apadana

a large hypostyle hall, the best known examples being the great audience hall

cuneiform

wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia

ka

type of ancient Egyptian statue intended to provide a resting place for the ka, or spirit, of the person after death

frieze

a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling

corbelled vault

arch-like construction method that uses the architectural technique of corbeling to span a space or void in a structure

beehive tomb

is a burial structure characterized by its false dome created by the superposition of successively smaller rings of mudbricks or, more often, stones

Mesolithic

is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic

narrative

a spoken or written account of connected events; a story

lamassu

is an Assyrian protective deity, often depicted as having a human's head, a body of an ox or a lion, and bird's wings

hierarchical scale

technique in which the artist uses unnatural proportion or scale to depict the relative importance of the figures in the artwork

canonical

a rule, for example, of proportion

fresco

is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly-laid, or wet lime plaster

tholos

circular building

Neolithic

later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed

relief

give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane

stele

a stone or wooden slab, generally taller than it is wide, erected as a monument, very often for funerary or commemorative purposes

hieroglyph

a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system

pylon

a monumental gateway of an Egyptian temple