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44 Cards in this Set

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T/F: A Food diary is a prospective form of assessment

T

Describe the process involved in a food diary, stating two limitations of the assessment

Food diary assessment involves the client recording all food and drink consumed over a period of time.


The assessment relies on client honesty and memory which may affect the accuracy. Nutritional content may also be difficult to access.

What are two ways of carrying out a food diary

Using household utensils or weights to measure amounts

Describe the process involved in a chemical analysis (duplicate meals), stating two limitations of the assessment

Duplicate meals involves the client making double the meal. The duplicate is then analysed by health professionals and nutrient intake is recorded.


This assessment is time and money expensive. It is not practical out of a confined setting also.

T/F: 24hr recall is mostly carried out by a friend of the client as the interviewer

F: A trained interviewer usually carries out the interview

Describe the process involved in a 24hr recall, stating two limitations of the assessment

24hr recall requires the client to recall every item of food or drink they consumed in the previous 24 hours.


Accuracy may be affected by honesty or memory and the day may reflect an abnormal day (not typical diet)

Describe the process involved in a food frequency questionnaire, stating a limitation of the assessment

Food frequency questionnaires tap into the frequency and amount of food and drink consumed.


It is efficient meaning useful for studies, however, is not effective for individuals who have idiosyncratic diet differences.

Which of the following are NOT components of the original adaptation of the diet history assessment?




a) A checklist


b) A short diary


c) usual 24-hour recall


d) actual 24-hour recall

d) ACTUAL 24hr recall was not utilised in original adaptations

T/F: a trained health professional must be used to interview the client in diet history assessments

T: ONLY a trained health professional can interview in diet history assessments

What dietary assessment was employed in the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition & Physical Activity Survey?

24 hr recall and follow up survey

What are the two most recent national dietary surveys to be administered in Australia?

1995 National Nutritional survey and National Health survey

What is the most recent health survey to be administered and who was it administered by?

2011/2013 Australian Health Survey administered by ABS and the department of ageing

What were three topics included in the most recent health survey?

Demographics, risk factors, chronic disease, medications, use of health service, nutrition and physical activity habits, health status

What are three purposes of surveys?

- Impact of changes on food regulation


- Insight into proportion of population following recommendations


- Amount of additives/ contaminants in food


- Decide if population interventions required


- Need for/ impact of fortification of foods

Match the anthropometry measurement with the appropriate assessment


a) body size


b) body shape


c) body composition




1) size of lean tissue


2) height and weight circumference


3) waist-hip ratio

a - 2


b - 3


c - 1

Define anthropometry assessment

Measuring physical dimensions of the body

If you had a BMI of 36, what weight group would you fall into and what would your risk of chronic disease be?

Obese class II; severe

If you had a BMI of 28, what weight group would you fall into and what would your risk of chronic disease be?

Pre-obese; average

If an Asian's BMI was 19, what weight would they be classified in?

Normal

If a Pacific Islander's BMI was 27, what weight would they be classified in?

Overweight

If a male's waist circumference is 96cm, what would his weight be classified as?

Abdominal overweight

If a female's waist circumference is 89cm, what would her weight be classified as?

Abdominal obesity

T/F: visceral fat pertains to the fat you can feel on your outer body

F: visceral fat is the fat around your organs whereas subcutaneous fat is on your outer body

Which of the following are NOT biochemistry testing?


a) urine testing


b) blood testing


c) nutrient intake testing


d) functional tests


e) tissue tests

c) nutrient intake testing

State three advantages of biochemistry testing

- Unbiased and accurate


- Provide info for diagnosis


- Assess feedback on nutritional therapy


- Early indication of nutritional excess or deficiency

Provide three examples clinical assessment access information on

- socio-demographic details


- medical history


- medications


- physical activity/ functioning

1 cal = _____ kJ

4.18

What are the atwater factors for carbohydrates, protein, fats, and alcohol?

16; 17; 37; 29 (kJ/g)

T/F: foods with low fat and high water have low energy densities

T

Define basal metabolic rate

The minimum amount of energy required to maintain vital functions

When is your BMR the lowest and what does it depend on?

At rest; age, gender, body size, body composition and more

What are the schofield equations?

Equations based on age, sex, height, and weight which predict your BMR

How would you predict total energy expenditure?

Multiple the BMR with an activity factor representing 24-hrs

In relation to energy balance, when would someone gain weight?

When their intake (food and alcohol) is greater than their expenditure (basal metabolism, themogenesis, thermic effect of food, PA)

What are three types of information food supply data can provide insight on?

- Long-term food trends on the availability of major commodities (e.g. dairy, meat, grains, F, V)


- Nutritional problems in different countries


- types of food supplying energy

What sort of data would provide insight into major social and health problems, chronic conditions, and disease/ conditions causing hospital admission and death?

Mortality and morbidity data

What is a DALY?

Disability adjusted life years: years lost to premature mortality or disability

What is a limitation of mortality and morbidity data?

Only provides information on indirect measures ofd nutritional problems

Provide three reasons why it would be beneficial to use anthropometric data for population assessment?

- cheap


- efficient


- overall measure of nutrition status


- non-invasive

What two areas does infant birth weight provide information on?

- maternal health and nutrition status


- infant mortality risk

What is infant birth weight affected by?

- maternal nutrition


- maternal body size


- smoking and alcohol consumption


- infection

T/F: societies with increased LBW infants, also tend to have increased infant mortality

T

If a National food/ nutrition monitoring and surveillance system was implemented in Australia, what info should it contain?

- food supply and expenditure


- Mortality and morbidity


- weight and height


- nutritional issues of specific concern

What are three criteria a National food/ nutrition monitoring and surveillance system in Australia would need to follow?

- relevant to major issues encountered


- available to decision makers in reasonable timeframes


- available on a regular basis


- standard collection methods to look at longterm trends


- presented appropriately


- contain relevant info for changes