• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the main reason the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution?
Clearly define the rights and freedoms of citizens.
Why did James Madison promise to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
Americans thought a strong central government would take away ciizens' rights.
What checks do the other two branches of government have on the judicial branch?
1. Impeach Supreme Court Justices
2. Appoints the judges
Why can the federal court strike down a state of federal law?
Federal court can reject a law if the law is unconstitutional.
The Fifth Amendment protects anyone found not guilty in a criminal trail from being tried again for the same crime. What is the name for this?
Double Jeopardy
The Constitution does not list all of the rights that citizens have. According to the Ninth and Tenth Amendments, who gets to decide on other basic rights?
Judicial Branch and Congress decide other basic rights of citizens.
What is the doctrine of Separation of Powers?
the powers of government are divided up among three branches.
What is the functon (job) of Congress in the federal government?
make the nation's laws -- Congress is the legislative branch - makes nation's laws
According to the Constitution, what is the Vice-President's role in the legislative branch (Congress)?
Vice President only votes to break a tie.
What is the purpose of the PACs - Political Action Committees?
to collect money from supporters for candidates who support certain issues.
Describe eminent domain of government?
the power of government to take your property to benefit the public.
What does it mean to impeach a President?
bring charges of serious crimes against him
Naturalized citizens are Americans who?
People born outside the U.S. to parents who are not citizens.
What duty of a citizen is encouraged, but not required?
to vote
How can the President check the power of the Legislative branch (Congress)?
veto bills (reject)
What must the President before starting his new job?
take the Oath of Office
What is the job of the Judicial Branch in the government?
Interprets the Constitution and other laws.
What is the job of the Executive Branch in relation to the nation's laws?
enforce the laws.
For what reasons can the President, Vice President, and all civial officers of the US be impeached?
Treason, Bribery, or high crimes
We can remove our President from office, this shows that our government is based on a system of:
checks and balances
How do citizens accept responsibility for protecting other citizen's Sixth Amendment rights?
jury duty
How many members does each state have in the US Senate?
2 senators for each state
How can Congress override a veto of the President?
by a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote
What are the five duties of a citizen?
1. vote
2. obey the law
3. pay taxes
4. jury duty
5. defend the nation
What does the First Amendment protect?
guarantees basic freedoms of individuals
Why were the Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments significant during the late 1700s?
They reflected problems colonists faced during the 1700s, when British soldiers forced citizens to submit to their authority.
What does the Supreme Court say about cruel and unusual punishment?
Not all executions are cruel and unusual but the death penalty is sometimes carried out in a cruel and unusual way.
Why do American men 18 yrs or older have to register with Selective Service?
so they can be contacted in case of a military draft.
What opportunties do legal immigrants have while living in the US?
If they reached the age of 18 and spent 5 years in the US, they can request to become a naturalized citizen
federal system
a system that divided powers between the states and federal government.
delegated powers
certain powers given to the federal government
(assigned by Constitution)
reserved powers
powers given to the states
concurrent powers
powers shared by the federal and state governments
legislative branch
proposes bills and passes into law
a branch of government
judicial branch
branch of government that interprets laws, punishes criminals, and settles disputes between states
executive branch
enforces the nation's laws; branch of government that includes the President and administrative departments;
vote to bring charges against.
to cancel
executive orders
non-legislative directives issued by the US President in certain circumstances;
has force of congressional law
granting freedom from punishment - by the President of US
delays of punishment
Majority Rule
the idea that the greatest number of people in society can make policies for everyone
make a request of the government
(a right of every American)
Search Warrant
order that gives authorities permission to search someone's property
Due Process
"the law must be fairly applied"
formally accuse a person
Double Jeopardy
cannot be tried again for the same crime
Eminent Domain
power to take personal property for the benefit of the public
Naturalized Citizen
a person born in another country who has been granted citizenship in the United States
return to the country of origin
"required" military service
Political Action Committees
groups that collect money for candidates who support certain issues
interest groups
groups of people that share a common interest that motivates them to take political action.