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80 Cards in this Set

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Bible, ta biblia

(Greek) "the books"; collection of writings that contain salvific truth

Scripture, hai graphai, Scriptura

"Hebrew" Scriptures= Tanak


"Greek" Scriptures= New Testament

Canon, kanon

A measuring stick; writings "measured" by a church or religious groups and recognized to contain divine revelation

Pentateuch

First 5 books of the Christian Bible- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; equivalent to the Jewish Torah

Torah

First section of the Jewish Bible; "the Law and Teachings"; equivalent to the Christian Pentateuch

Deuterocanonical books

"second canon"; seven books not originally written in Hebrew; not accepted by Jewish or Protestant canons

LXX, Septuagint

Greek translation of the entire Hebrew Scriptures and all of the deuterocanonical books

Diaspora

586 BC; spread of the Jews from Judah; led to the Hellenization of the Jews

Sinai

the mountain... where Moses was given the covenant

Horeb

another name for Sinai

Julius Wellhausen

suggested the Priestly source be added to the Documentary Hypothesis and that Deuteronomy was written by another source

Documentary Theory

theory that 4 different sources wrote the Pentateuch

Yahweh

the name for God given to Moses; used by the J and E source writers

Monotheism

belief in one god

Polytheism

belief in more than one god

Henotheism

belief in one god, without denying the existence of other gods

Theophany

appearance of divinity

Covenant, berit

God's promise with the Israelites; united the people of Israel

TaNaK

Jewish divisions of the Old Testament; Torah, Nebi'im, Ketubim = the Law, the Prophets, the Writings

Testament, testamentum, diatheke

(Latin) "will"; (Greek) "covenant"; two major sections of the Christian Bible

Hellenization

movement of the Jews to writing and speaking Greek

Codex

used in place of scrolls; in book form without standard length

Hermeneutics

branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation

Faith

confidence or trust in a being; a response to God

Primeval History

Genesis 1-11; written by the J and P sources

Elohim

means God; "faceless word"- does not describe or reveal

Etiology

something in the present is explained by something in the past

Merism

addressing the whole of a thing by naming its parts

Enuma Elish

Babylonian creation story, about 1100 years older than Genesis 1

Gilgamesh Epic

Babylonian story; similar to Genesis 6-9 (Noah)

Dei Verbum

document released by the Second Vatican Council; The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation concerning revelation, inspiration and interpretation

Historical Critical Method

way of studying the Scripture as a product of human history

Tetragrammaton

4 letters; example: YHWH

Exegesis

"reading from" the text

Revelation

disclosure of God's self

Inspiration (Subjective and Objective)

Subjective: writer being inspired


Objective: divine provenance

Double Authorship

God as author; humans as authors - allows for errors

Higher Criticism

interpretation of corrected texts; Source, Form, and Tradition History Criticism

Lower Criticism

detecting what is wrong with a text and finding a better/more accurate reading

Protoevangelium

the first Good News

Typology/typological interpretation

predictive relationship of the Old Testament to the New Testament

Apocrypha

books not considered a part of the canon

Auctor/author

person who is responsible for or the cause behind something

Source Criticism

"literary criticism"; finds whether there are written documents behind the present texts

Form Criticism

identifies the type of writing and its possible purpose

Redaction Criticism

"tradition history criticism"; traces the use and reuse of the materials to their earliest forms

Gospel, evangelion

(Greek) Good News; genre

Kerygma

(Greek) Good News

Rule of Faith

implicit understandingof the content of faith; one of three criterion in determining canonicity

Tradition

Comes from 2 Latin words-


verb- tradere- act of handing over


noun- traditio- things handed over

Apostolicity

proximity to the Apostles; one of three criterion in determining canonicity

Hochma

(Hebrew) wisdom

Logos

(Greek) "word"/rationale/reasoning; John 1:1

sêmeíon/sign

(Greek) used by John in his gospel to mean miracle

Apocalyptic/apocalypsis

(Greek) "revelation"; to make revelation by a series of signs/symbols; ie earthquake, darkness, etc.

Messiah

(Hebrew) Anointed One; old tradition: a strong, military leader that will liberate the Jews

Lamb of God

refers to the lamb of the Passover. This lamb protected the Jews during the first Passover. Jesus is the sacrificial lamb of the new covenant and is named "the Lamb of God" in the beginning of John's Gospel

Hyskos kings

foreign rulers over Egypt during the time of Joseph

Synoptics

the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke; "together with the eyes" = very similar

Synoptic Problem

The issue of deciding which of the synoptic gospels was written first; the most accepted theory is the Two Source Theory with Marcan Priority

Messianic Secret

In Mark's Gospel; Jesus doesn't want premature confessions to the preconceived notions of Messiah; Mark believes that only in light of the crucifixion is Jesus understood as Messiah.

Sophia

(Greek) wisdom

Shechem

important Israelite capital city of the northern kingdom where the covenant was made between God and the people; where Rehoboam goes to receive the oath of fidelity from the 10 tribes

Psalm

songs and prayers to God, attributed to David; (hebrew) tehillim- "praises"

Deuteronomic History

Joshua, Judges, 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings

Shema

Jewish profession of faith; found in Deuteronomy 6:4; (Hebrew) "here"

Classical Prophecy

opposed to Ancient prophecy; conditional, ordinary, importance in what is said

Apiru

(H) Ebrew; semetic people

"Covenantal Fidelity"

1- Personal knowledge of God


2- exclusive fidelity


3- social justice


4- God is their king

Prognosticism

future telling; characteristic of Ancient prophecy

Urim and Thummim

1 Samuel - Saul becoming king, consults them; way of divining God's will; runes/dice

Day of the Lord

Ancient belief- God coming down to do battle with Israel's enemies


*AMOS: God will come and judge but *you* are guilty

Tiglath Pileser III

Kingof Assyria from 745-727 BC that reconquered the West. His new policy whendealing with the conquered nations was to hold the whole nation accountable forresistance to the new rule.

Sargon II

Assyrian king from 722-705 BC; assists in the total destruction of the northern kingdom

Reheboam

Sonof Solomon; caused the split of the northern and southern kingdoms during hisreign as king 922-915 BC

Jeroboam

1st king of the northernkingdom from 922- 911 BC

Samaria

middle of the northern kingdom; became new capitol after the split of Israel in 922 BC

Book of Signs

Chapters1:19-12 of the Gospel of John; Jesus reveals himself to be God

Book of Glory

Chapters 13-20 of the Gospel ofJohn; Jesus’ Passion, Death and Resurrection

Pascha/Pesah

(Hebrew/Greek) Passover