Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


· Whorl keratopathy

· Anterior subcapsular effects – causes


· Drug-induced intracranial HTN


· Optic neuropathy/optic atrophy

Chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)

· Whorl keratopathy

· Cycloplegia

· Affect retina – Bull’s eye maculopathy

· Affect VF


· Whorl keratopathy

· Affects retina – white or yellow crystallinedeposits (commonly in macula) with or without macular edema


· Affect cornea – delayed wound healing


· Blue sclera

· Increase IOP

· Drug-induced intracranial HTN


Sildenafil (Viagra)

· Conj/Lids – subconj hemorrhage, conj


· Affects optic nerve – nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy

· Color vision


· Conj/Lids – Stevens-Johnson syndrome, lid edema

· Cause myopia

· Uveitis

· Optic neuritis


o Dyschromatopsia, including yellow or blue tingeto vision and/or colored halos

o Colored spots surrounded by coronas

o Snowy, hazy or blurred vision

o Dimming of vision

o Flickering or flashes of light

o Glare sensitivity

Tamsulosin (Flomax)

· Sclera/Uvea – intraopterative floppy irissyndrome

Bisphosphonates (Fosamax)

· Uveitis

Minocycline (tetracyclines)

· Blue sclera

· Drug-induced intracranial HTN


· Tetracycline can cause pigmented cysts on conj

Drugs that Increase tear secretion

· Drugs that Increase tear secretion

o Adrenoceptor agonists

o Cholinergic agonists

o Antihypertensive agents

o Antineoplastic agents

· Drugs that decrease tear secretion

o Anticholinergics

o Antihistamines

o Beta Blockers

o Antidepressants

o Phenothiazines

o Hormone therapies

o CNS stimulants

o Diuretics

o Isotretinoin (Accutane)

o Antianxiety agents

o Chemotherapeutic agents

Know the drug categories that can causemydriasis/miosis

· Drugs that can cause Mydriasis

o Anticholinergics

o Antihistamines

o Phenthiazines

o CNS stimulants

o CNS depressants

· Drugs that can cause Miosis

o Opiates

o Antichoinesterases

Know the drug categories that can cause affectEOMs and eye movements

· Nystagmus

· Diplopia

· Smooth pursuit impairment

· Oculogyric crisis

Know which drugs/categories can cause myopia

· Sulfonamides

· Diuretics

· CAIs

· Isotretinoin (Accutane)

· Topiramate (sulfa-containing)

What do we need to know about herbal supplements

Know that herbal and nutritional supplements cancause ocular side effects but usually at higher dosages.

What do we need to know about ginkgo biloba

Know ginkgo biloba inhibits platelet aggregationso can interact with blood-thinning agents such as aspirin and warfarin.

· Spontaneous hyphema and retinal hemorrhage

· Inhibits platelet aggregation so should be usedwith caution in patients already using blook-thinning agents such as ASA and warfarin


· Potential s/e

o Blurred vision


o DE


o Discoloration of the eyelids

o Eyelid edema

o Loss of eyebrows and eyelashes