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37 Cards in this Set

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Cabinet Government

A system of government in which executive power is vested in a cabinet, whose members exercise collective responsibility rather than single office.

Civil Liverty

Fundemental human rights and freedoms that ought to be protected from interferance from the state.

Codified constitution

A single document that lays out the laws, rules and principles by which a state is governed and the rights of citizens.

Common law

Law derived from decisions in court cases and from general customs.

Constitution

Set of laws, rules and practises that create the basic institutions of the state and its relationship between different institutions and the institutions and the individual.

Constitutional monarchy

A political system in which the monarch is the formal head of state but has powers legally exercised by government ministers.

Convention

Established norms of political behaviour rooted in past experience rather than law.

Decentralisation

Decission making powers would be devolved to devolved institutions in Scotland and Wales and enhancing local government.

Devolution

Transfer of power from central to local government. The regional tier is subordinate to national government. Legislative devolution is the most significant because it involves new parliament.

Democratisation

Participation in the political process would be encouraged by electoral reform and wider referendum usage.

Elective dictatorship

Concentration of power in the executive branch of government, implies that the only check to power is general elections, beyond that the government does what it likes.

Entrenched

Secured: difficult to change

Executive

The branch of government responsible for implemention of policy.

Federal state

A state in which the constitution devides between decission making at local and national level, in which one cannot abolish the other and that has distinct political and cultural identity.

Fundemental law

The law which forms the foundation of the government of a state.

Fusion of power

The intermingling of personel in the executive branch of government and legislative branches found in parliamentary systems.

Globalisation

The widening and deepening inter connections between people and societies in economic, political, social and cultural activities.

Judiciary

The branch of government responsible for interpreting the actions of government and public authorities, declaring them unlawful if they have exceeded authority.

Judicial review

The power of senior judges to review the actions of government and public authorities and declare them unlawful if they have exceeded authority.

Limited government

A system in which the powers of government are subject to legal constraints and checks and balances within the political system.

Modernisation

Institutions such as parliament, the executive and the civil service were using outdated and inefficent proceedures and were in need of reform.

Parliament

An assembly that has the power to debate and create laws

Parliamentary government

A political system in which the executive power takes place in parliament and in which the executive and the legislative branches are fused.

Parliamentary sovereignty

The doctrine that parliament has absolute legal authority within the state: legislative supremacy. It has reduced meaning due to Britains membership of the EU, devolution, judicial review and increased use of referendums.

Political sovereignty

Absolute political power.

Pooled sovereignty

Decission making authoirty of member states of an authoirty combined, enhancing collective power and acheiving joint intrests that couldn't be acheived through sepratism.

Popular sovereignty

Supreme authority resides with the people.

Prime ministerial government

A system of government in which the PM is the dominant actor and is able to bypass the cabinetm

Referendum

A vote in which the electorate is asked to express their views on a spesific issue of public policy.

Royal Perogative

Discretionafy powers of the crown that are exercises in the monarchs name by the government ministers.

Rule of law

A system of rule where the relationship between the state and the individual is governed by law, protecting the individual from abituary state action.

Sovereignty

Legal supremacy: absolute law making authority that is not subject to higher authoirty.

Seperation of power

The view that the legislature, executive and judiciary ought to be independant of one another. Developed to prevent tyranny and concentration of absolute power.

Sleaze

Behaviour charechterised by low standards of honesty or morality.

Uncodified constitution

In which the laws, rules and principles specifying how the state is governed are not gathered in a single document but instead are from a variety of sources.

Unitary state

A homogenous state in which power is concentrated in the political centre and all parts of the state are governed in that way.

Westminster model

A form of government exemplified by the british political system, in which parliament is sovereign, executive and legislature and fused and political power is centralised.