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9 Cards in this Set

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Civil War from AD 193

After the death of Commodus


Pertinax Emperor for 86 days


Septimius Severus kills Didius Julianus

Sources

Historia Augusta


Cassius Dio


Herodian

Septimius Severus

Military man


Ordered execution of many senators


Disbanded the Praetorian Guard


Increased annual wage of soldiers


Military dictatorship


Rebuilt many parts of Hadrian's Wall


Outlaws conversion to Christianity on pain of death

Julia Domna

Wife of Septimius Severus


Mother of Geta and Caracalla (Severus' sons too)


Gathered literary luminaries


Philhellenic


Supporter of Second Sophistic

Caracalla and Geta

Joint rule


Caracalla had Geta assassinated - aimed to erase him from history


Caracalla used extreme violence


Slaughtered 20,000 people at Alexandria


Assassinated by his soldiers

Elagabulus

Aged 15 when Emperor


True power lay with his mother, grandmother and aunt


Family turn against him and favour his cousin Alexander

Alexander

Aged 14


Prosperous reign


Made a Saint to make Elagabulus seem even worse


Received a triumph for wars in the East


Killed by soldiers

Third Century Crisis

AD 235 - 284


30 Emperors in 50 years


Internal Civil War


Economic collapse


Sections of the Empire break away

Diocletian

Emperor in AD 284


Shared power with Maximian


Then splits into tetrarchy