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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Axial Skeleton

Skull, vetebral column, thorax


Protection

Appendicular Skeleton

Bones of upper and lower appendages, pelvic and shoulder girdle


Motion

The Skull

Formed by cranium and facial bones

Occipital Bone: occipital condyles

attach atlas

Occipital bone: foramen magnum

spinal cord goes through

Coronal suture

connects parietal and frontal bones

Sagittal suture

connects right and left parietal bones

Lambdoid suture

connects parietal and occipital bones

Squamous suture

connects parietal and temporal bones

Fontanels

soft spots on baby


skull bones fuse together by age 1 and 2

Sphenoid: sella turcica

houses pituitary glad

Ethmoid: cirsta galli

attachment site for duramatter (brain covering)

Nasal Cavity

cavity air passes through

Paranasalsinuses

hollow cavities in bone; lightens skull, enhances resonance of voice, secrete mucus

Hyoid bone

inferior to mandible, not attached to another bone (sesamoid), surrounds larynx

Lordotic

concave curvature, cervical and lumbar vertebrae

Kyphotic

Convex curvature, thoracic vertebrae

dens of axis

allows for pivot

Nucleus pulposus

more gelatinous part of intervertebral disks

Annuius fibrosus

outer ring of intervertebral disks with fibrocartilage

appendicular skeleton
bones of limbs and girdles

girdle

arrangement of bones

shoulder girdle

how arm attaches to body; clavicle and scapula

scapula: acromion process

what you feel on the shoulder

scapula: glenoid cavity

head of humerus fits into

elbow

trochlea of humerus fits into the trochlear notch of ulna

acetabulum

head of femur fits into

ischeal tuberosity

sit on

knee joint

formed by tibia and femur; femoral condyles rest on top of tibia

arches

shock absorption and propulsion/elasticity