Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Cavalary

A unit of soldiers mounted on horses

Cyrus the Great

king of the Persians and Medes who won independence for the persians and conquered the Medes; Founder of the Persian Empire

Darius I

ruler of the Persian empire who called himself the king of kings; restored order to the empire and built a new capital called Persepolis

Persian Wars

A series of wars between Persia and Greece beginning in 490 BC

Xerxes I

Persian ruler who was defeated in his attempt to conquer Greece in 480 BC

Alliance

An agreement to work together

Peloponnesian War

A war between Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC

Philip II

king of Maedonia from 359 to 336 BC who conquered Greece

Phalanx

A group of warriors who stood close together in a square

Alexander the Great

King of Macedonia who built the largest empire the world had ever seen

Hellenistic

Greek-like; Heavily influenced by greek ideas

Socrates

Greek teacher and thinker who wanted to make people think and question their beliefs; accused of questioning the authority of the gods and condemned to death

Plato

Teacher and philosopher who believed in an ideal society based on justice and fairness to everyone that would be run by philosophers

Aristole

Greek thinker who taught that people should live lives of moderation and balance

Reason

Clear and ordered thinking

Euclid

Greek scientist interested in the study of Geometry


Hippocrates

Great Greek doctor who is known for his ideas on how doctors should behave