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15 Cards in this Set

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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

German poet, novelist and playwright


*Initiated storm and stress movement


--"Faust" drama narrating tale of a scholar who trades his soul for knowledge and pleasure


--Scientific essays and autobiography: "Poetry and Truth"


-public officer for 10 years

George Gordon Byron

English Romantic poet


--"Childe Harold's Pilgrimage"- fictional travelogue (most famous work)


--"Don Juan" -epic satire; autobiographical lengthy poem


*revolutionary who captured the imagination of literary world

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

French novelist, essayist, composer, and philosopher


--"Social Contract" -a tirade for changing society; ignited French and American revolutions


-"Emile"- novel on education


"Julie"-sentimental novel


-Essay: "Discourse on the Science and Arts" - argued science and art degraded the natural man


*works became increasingly controversial

Daniel Defoe

English author, playwright, journalist


--"Robinson Crusoe" and "Moll Flanders"


England's first novelist. Produced 500+ books


-successful in business and politics

Francois Rabelais

French Renaissance writer, dr., humanist, monk


--Five volume masterpiece "Gargantuan and Pantagruel" --combination of social satire, comedy, and humanist philosophy


*"Rabeliasian": character with coarse humor, ribaldry, and boisterousness



Volaire (Francois-Marie Arouet)

French novelist, playwright, poet, philosopher


**advocate for freedom of thought, political justice, and humanism in 18th century France


--Known for essays and letters defending human rights and arguing for reason and tolerance


--"Candide" and "Zadig" -Fiction blends philosophy and humanism

Henry Fielding

English novelist and playwright


--"Tom Jones"


**Social satire and comedy


-became active in politics


--published a newspaper "The Champion"


-strong anti-jacobite essays gained him political favor

John Donne

Metaphysical Poet in romantic period


*wrote original verses on religious and secular poetry


--"The Sunne Rising," "The Bait," "To Catch a Falling Star" --love verses


--"The Holy Sonnets" -religious

Christopher Marlowe

English Author, metaphysical poet, and Playwright in Elizabethan era


*plays used blank verse and had overreaching protagonists


*influenced Shakespeare


--"Tamburlaine the Great" , "Dr. Faustas", "the Jews of Malta"

Michel de Montaigne

First Essayist; French Renaissance philosopher


--"Essays" - published in 3 volumes and used literary forms like treatise and religious confessions


**Commented on social issues, the human condition, and personal voice


*Insights into major historical issues like religious conflict and exploration in new world


-influenced many writers

William Blake

English Romantic Poet and Artist


--"The Marriage of Heaven"- prose, rejects rationalism in favor of mystical faith


--Pioneered prophetic books


--"Jerusalem" -epic poem sought to imagine existence of spirit after death


**Master illustrator and true mystic


-worked on Dante's "Divine Comedy"


**Symbolism, mystic vision, powerful emotion

James Boswell

Scottish biographer and essayist


--"The Life of Samuel Johnson"


-his diaries included astute observations on society and manners of his day


*great friends with Samuel Johnson

Robert Burns

Scottish Romantic Poet


--"Auld Lang Syne", "A Red Red Rose"


-Anthology of poems: "Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect"


**Rebel, supported French Revolution openly


*Major poet who transcended his nationalistic feelings

Alexander Pope

18th century English Poet


*Used heroic couplet, known for Satirical Verse


*Biting wit, formal poetry, insightful and dramatic verse


-"The Rape of the Lock" - narrated feud started over lock of hair--satire


"An Essay on Criticism" - poem about writing

Francis Bacon

English Essayist and philosopher


**Wrote on Science and inquiry, championing method of scientific investigation and empirical observation


--"Instaruratio Magna" -greatest work; argument against the Renaissance and scholastic philosophy


"Essays" (1612)


"New Atlantis" (1627)