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68 Cards in this Set

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Moralistic Political Culture

o The belief that government should be active inpromoting the public good and that citizens should participate in politics andcivic activities to ensure that good

Traditionalist Political Culture

o The belief that government should be dominatedby political elites and guided by tradition

Individualistic Political Culture

o The belief that government should limit its roleto providing order in society, so that citizens can pursue their economicself-interest

· North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

o Trade treaty among the united states, Canada,and Mexico to lower and eliminate tariffs among the three countries >

19th amendment

o Ratified in 1919 amendment guaranteeing womenthe right to vote

Duel Federalism

o System of government that prevailed in theUnited States from 1789-1937, in which most fundamental governmental powerswere strictly separated between the federal and state governments

New Deal

o President Roosevelt’s 1930’s to stimulate thenational economy and provide relief to victims of the great depression

Supremacy Clause

o Article VI of the US Constitution, which statesthat the constitution and the laws passed by the national government and alltreaties are the supreme law of land and superior to all laws adopted by anystate or any subdivision

Necessary and Proper Clause

o Article I, Section 8, of the US Constitution;provides congress with the authority to make all the laws “necessary andproper” to carry out its powers


o Process that takes place every 10 years todetermine how many congressional seats each state will receive depending onpopulation shifts

Special Electioin

o An election that is not held on a regularlyscheduled basis; in Texas, a special election is called to fill a vacancy inoffice, to give approval to the state government to borrow money, or to ratifyamendments to the Texas Constitution

Regions of Texas

o Basin and Range Province-west texas

o Great Plains-Central North West Texas

o Interior Lowlands-North Texas

Gulf Coast Plains-East Texas

Reasons for Sharecropping

o Former slave’s idea of freedom was owning land,so with sharecropping it killed 2 birds with one stone, making the slavesbelieve that they were free, but really were working for former slave mastersby taking care of their land, and never getting out of debt with them

New London School

o A high class school that had an accidentalexplosion on March 18 1937 killing 294 PTA and students.

Business Dominance in Texas

o Texas Businessmen have dominated politicsthroughout history

§ Very weak labor unions

Traditional Mythology in Texas

Rootof our mythology is this idea of rugged individualism

Political Culture

o Broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudesabout how the government should function and politics should operate; Americanpolitical culture emphasizes the values of liberty, equality, and democracy

o Texas has a mixed political culture ofmoralistic, individualistic, and traditionalistic

White Primary Developed in Texas

o Following Reconstruction, white politicalleaders in Texas and other southern states sought to take the vote from blackvoters

17th Amendment

established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.

15th Amendment

prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." It was ratified on February 3, 1870, as the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments.

South Carolina Nullification Crisis

The Nullification Crisis ensued after South Carolina declared that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of the state.

Civil War Amendments

The Reconstruction Amendments are the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments to the United States Constitution, adopted between 1865 and 1870, the five years immediately following the Civil War. The amendments were important in implementing the Reconstruction of the American South after the war.

13th Amendment

The 13th Amendment, passed by Congress January 31, 1865, and ratified December 6, 1865, states: 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

14th Amendment

The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.

First written constitutional of U.S.

The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid-1776 through late-1777, and ratification by all 13 states was completed by early 1781

New Deal Federalism

New Federalism is a political philosophy of devolution, or the transfer of certain powers from the United States federal government back to the states

FDR promoted what programs?

New Deal/Recovery programs

Which party Dominated Texas after the Civil War?

Republican during the reconstruction era, after reconstruction era it was the Democratic

Rise of the Tea Party

The Tea Party movement is an American political movement known for its conservative positions and its role in the Republican Party. Members of the movement have called for a reduction of the U.S. national debt and federal budget deficit by reducing government spending, and for lower taxes.

Prominent Texas who served as Speaker of House and Vice President

Same Rayburn

Texas Constitution of 1836

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836

Texas Constitution of 1845

-changed constitution dramatically

-No longer Pres and VP, now governor and lieutenant governor

Texas Constitution of 1876

The Constitution of 1876 is the sixth constitution by which Texas has been governed since independence from Mexico was achieved in 1836. It was framed by the Constitutional Convention of 1875 and adopted on February 15, 1876, by a vote of 136,606 to 56,652, and it remains the basic organic law of Texas

Texas Bill Of Rights

Article 1 of 1876 Constitution

Article 1 of the Texas State Constitution

Texas Bill of Rights

Article 7 of the Texas State Constituion

Deals with Education

Lincolns view on slavery

Lincoln was more concerned about preserving the union

Texas Constitution of 1861

CONSTITUTION OF 1861. After the Texas voters ratified secession from the Union on February 23, 1861, the Secession Convention reconvened. Convention delegates believed it their duty to direct the transition of Texas from a state in the United States to one of the Confederate States of America.

Purpose of Primary Elections

To pick a candidate to run in the general elections

Lowest level of party political structure


Candidacy of Kinky Friedman illustrates what?

3rd party candidates can take votes away from the 2 main candidates

Disappearance of Conservative Democrats

-Switched parties

-Died out

-forced out because of redistricting

Since 1876 has the Texas Constitution limited power of executive?


Number of appellate courts in Texas

The Texas Courts of Appeals are a set of 14 appellate courts in the Texas judicial system with intermediate jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases that are appealed from the lower district or county courts

Absolute Majority

a majority over all rivals combined; more than half.

Swing Voters

A swing voter or floating voter is a voter who may not be affiliated with a particular political party (Independent) or who will vote across party lines.

Political Disenfranchisement

To deprive of a privilege, immunity, or right of citizenship, especially the right to vote; disenfranchise. 2. To deprive (a corporation, for example) of a privilege or franchise.

The Texas Constitution has all of the following branches except

Military branch

John C. Calhoun developed the theory of nullification which argued that states could nullify any laws that the federal government passed if they deemed them unconstitutional


In the Zimmerman telegram ___ urged ___ to invade the United Statexs

Germany, Mexico

During the Great War, the Espionage and Sedition Acts

Stifled free speech

Coercive Federalism is where the U.S Government asks for permission to institute new government programs


The nations first written constitution was the constitutions


The Reconstruction Amendments included all of the following except


As a result of America's entry into the Great War, the federal government's power

Increased a great deal

New Federalism was part of the following presidents movements except


It was part of Nixon, Clinton, and Reagan

Which presidents successfully pushed for Texas's annexation to the U.S


When did the Huge Political Enlightenment come about


Cooperative Federalism

Federal government will give states money for programs that the federal government wants created

-Last until LBJ

Coercive Federalism


-Actual government makes a conservative effort to achieve certain national policy goals

Henry Clay Compromise

-Texas would enter Union with present boarder

-US will pay Texas 10 million

-Texas government will be able to retain ownership of all public land

Progressive Era

Texas has a lot to do with national politics because of Wilson

New Freedom

-Wilson Program

-18th amendment (prohibition)

-19th amendment (women voting)

-Sheppard Towners Act-Provides money for pregnant women

-ends child labor

---creates laws for pure food and drugs

Similarities of state and federal constittuion

-Power comes from People

-3 branches in both

-provide protection of individual rights

-all based on concept of federalism

Texas house of Representatives

-At least 21 to serve

-2 year term

-1845 Constituion

Texas Senate

-21 to serve

-4 year term

-1845 Constitution

Boarder states





Differences between 1845 Constitution and 1861 Constituion

-Any reference of US is removed and replaced with confederacy

-All officials have to swear an oath to confederacy, states rights, and to slavery

-Made illegal to free your slaves