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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, these laws protect important rights for every American
Bill of Rights
power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by those people
representative government
many Indian tribes were removed from their homeland and given land in the west for resettlement
removal and settlement of Native Americans
a statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States and the U.S. would not interfere in their affairs
Monroe Doctrine
a group of nations that have joined together for a purpose
a type of government in which power is divided between a national government and state governments
a special document declaring that all slaves in the Confederate states would be free
Emancipation Proclamation
a map which demonstrates a particular feature or a single item of interest. 4 types are: dot maps, choropleth maps, proportional symbol maps, isoline maps
thematic maps
the Second War for Independence
James Madison was President, the U.S. declares war on Great Britain because: violations of U.S. rights at sea, impressment of U. S. sailors, and British support of Native American opposition to colonial settlement
War of 1812
a theory which states that a natioon's wealth is based on the amount of gold and silver in its treasury, government plays a central role in regulating trade by imposing restrictions on trade,this theory drove economic exchange throughout Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries
a document adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776
it established the colonies (13) as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain
Declaration of Independence
a belief that the U. S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea" from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
Manifest Destiny
a period of industrial growth starting in Britain in the 1700's---mass production
new sources of power including the steam engine
the production of cloth by machines
factory labors replaced craftsmen and home production
Industrial Revolution
three leading Federalists wrote a series of essays (85)
which explained the new government and the division of power
Federalist Papers
millions of Africans came to America on slave ships from the 1490's to the 1790's, about 400,000 were sold into slavery into North America
slave trade
a special speech by a president "Four score and 7 years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation so conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal,etc...
Gettysburg Address
a special document which guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently, a limited monarchy, 1689
English Bill of Rights
enacted in 1787, considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation, it established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union
Northwest Ordinance
an economic system in which individuals depend on supply and demand and the profit margin to decide how much to produce
government regulation is kept to a minimum
people are free to start their own businesses
competition between companies
Free Enterprise System
a tax on an imported product instituted to protect local industries, the tax increases the price of the import which makes it less appealing to consumers and protects domestic products from competition from other countries
protective tariff
the post Civil War period from 1865-1877
to put an end to slavery
a system of agricultural production based on large-scale land ownership and the exploitation of labor and the environment, production is usually concentrated on a cash crop , this sysytem developed in the southern United States as landowners concentrated their capital in slaves and produced rice, sugar, and cotton for the world market
Plantation System
first representative form of government, created in 1619,
Virginia House of Burgesses
the first set of laws in England to limit the king's power, signed by King John I in 1215
Magna Carta
a part of a worldwide war known as the Seven Year's War
in the colonies, the British sought control of territory to the west of the established colonies,
French and Indian War
drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims
first written form of self-government
Mayflower Compact
the U.S. Constitution authorizes each branch of government to share its powers with the other branches and thereby check their activities and power
Checks and Balances
a document that outlined the powers of the U. S. government

it stated that the U. S. government be organized in three branches: a legislative, executive, and judicial, etc...
U.S. Constitution
a document that outlines the powers of government
a special speech by a president to his cabinet, he stressed 3 dangers facing the nation: the rise of political parties, sectionalism, involvement in European rivalries
George Washington's Farewell Address
a type of government in which everyone including authority figures must obey the laws
constitutions, statement of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of their elected, appointed, or inherited positions
limited government
climate, weather , and landforms are examples of ______ factors
physical factors
population pressures in the eastern portion of the state increased, settlement moved west this is an example of
______ factors
human factors