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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allen's test
test to determine patency of ulnar and radial arteries; compress both and then release one to look for reperfusion (repeat test for other artery)
ballance's sign
dullness to percussion in left flank/LUQ with resonance to percussion on R flank seen with pancreatic rupture/hematoma
battle's sign
ecchymosis over mastoid process seen with basilar skull fracture
beck's triad
cardiac tamponade:
muffled heart sounds
decreased BP
bergman's triad
fat emboli:
mental status change
blumer's shelf
metastatic disease to the rectouterine pouch (of Douglas) or the rectovesicle pouch that is palpable as a shelf on rectal exam
boas's sign
right subscapular pain from cholelithiasis
carcinoid triad
right heart failure
chovstek's sign
twitching of the face upon tapping in patients with hypocalcemia
courvoisier's sign
enlarged, non-tender gallbladder, seen with obstruction of the common bile duct most often from pancreatic cancer
cullen's sign
peri-umbilical ecchymosis from retroperitoneal hemorrhage
cushing's triad
increased ICP:
irregular respirations
dance's sign
empty right lower quadrant in children with ileocecal intussusception
fothergill's sign
used to differentiate an intra-abdominal mass from one in the wall- if the mass is felt while there is tension being placed on the abdomen then it is in the wall;
fox's sign
ecchymosis of inguinal ligament seen with retroperitoneal hemorrhage
goodsall's rule
anal fistulae tack in a straight line anteriorly, and curved posteriorly
grey-turner's sign
ecchymosis of flank from retroperitoneal hemorrhage
hamman's sign
crunching on auscultation of heart from emphysematous mediastinum (from Boerhaave's)
homan's sign
calf pain on forced dorsiflexion of foot in patient's with DVT
howship-romberg sign
pain along inner aspect of thigh; seen with obturator hernia as result of nerve compression
kehr's sign
severe left shoulder pain in patients with splenic reupture (result of referred pain fro diaphragmatic irritation)
krukenberg tumor
metastatic tumor to ovary
kelly's sign
visible peristalsis of the ureter in resposne to squeezing or retraction, used to identify the ureter during surgery
laplace's law
wall tension = pressure x radius
meckel's diverticulum rule of 2's
two percent of the populatoin have a meckel's diverticulum, 2% of those are symptomatic, and they occur within 2 feet of ileocecal valve
murphy's sign
cessation of ispiration while palpating under right costal margin due to cholecystitis
obturator's sign
pain upon internal rotation of the leg with the hip and knee flexed in patients with appendicitis/pelvic abscess
psoas sign
pain with extending the hip with the knee in full extension , seen with appendicitis and psoas inflammation
pheochromocytom symptoms triad
episodic diaphoresis
pheochromocytoma rule of 10s
10% bilateral, malignant, in children, extra-adrenal, multiple tumors
raccoon eyes
bilateral black eyes as a result of basilar skull fracture
reynold's pentad
ruq pain
mental status changes
in patient's with suppurative cholangitis
rovsing's sign
palpation of the LLQ resulting in pain in RLQ, seen in appendicitis
saint's triad
hiatal hernia
diverticular disease
silk glove sign
indirect hernia sac in the pediatric; the sac feels like a finger of a silk glove when rolled under teh examining finger
sister mary joseph's signs
metastatic tumor to umbilical lymph node
virchow's node
metastatic tumor to left supraclavicular node
virchow's triad
abnormal endothelium
trousseau's sign
carpal spasm with occulsion of blood vessels to the forearm with a BP cuff in patient's with hypoalcemia
valentino's sign
RLQ pain from a perforated peptic ulcer due to succus/pus draining into the RLQ
westermark's sign
decreased pulmonary vascular markings on CXR in apatient with pulmonary embolus
whipple's triad
evidence of insulinoma:
CNS and vasomotor symptoms (syncpe, diaphoresis)
relief of symptoms with administration of glucose