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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ambivalent sexism
A form of sexism characterized by attitudes about women that reflect both negative, resentful beliefs and feelings and affectionate and chivalrous but potentially patronizing beliefs and feelings.
contact hypothesis
The theory that direct contact between hostile groups will reduce intergroup prejudice under certain conditions.
discrimination
Behaviour directed against persons because of their membership in a particular gorup.
illusory correlation
An overestimation of the association between variables that are only slightly or not at all correlated.
implicit racism
Racism that operates unconsciously and unintentionally.
ingroup favouritism
The tendency to discriminate in favour of ingroups over outgroups.
ingroups
Groups with which an individual feels a sense of membership, belonging and identity.
jigsaw classroom
A cooperative learning method used to reduce racial prejudice through interaction in group efforts.
modern racism
A form of prejudice that surfaces in subtle ways when it is safe, socially acceptable, and easy to rationalize.
outgroup homogeneity effect
The tendency to assume that there is greater similarity among members of outgroups than among members of ingroups.
outgroups
Groups with which an individual does not feel a sense of membership, belonging, or identity.
prejudice
Negative feelings towards persons based on their membership in certain groups.
racism
Prejudice and discrimination based on a person's racial background, or institutional and cultural practices that promote the domination of one racial group over another.
realistic conflict theory
The theory that hostility between groups is caused by direct competition for limited resources.
relative deprivation
Feelings of discontent aroused by the belief that one fares poorly compared with others.
sexism
Prejudice and discrimination based on a person's gender, or institutional and cultural practices that promote the domination of one gender over another.
social categorization
The classification of persons into groups on the basis of common attributes.
social dominance orientation
A desire to see one's ingroup as dominant over other groups and a willingness to adopt cultural values that facilitate oppression over other groups.
social identity theory
The theory that people favour ingroups over outgroups in order to enhance their self–esteem.
social role theory
The theory that small gender differences are magnified in perception by the contrasting social roles occupied by men and women.
stereotype
A belief or association that links a whole group of people with certain traits or characteristics.
stereotype content model
A model proposing that the relative status and competition between groups influence group stereotypes along the dimensions of competence and warmth.
stereotype threat
The experience of concern about being evaluated based on negative stereotype's about one's group.
stigmatized
Being persistently stereotype, perceived as deviant, and devalued in society because of membership in a particular social group or because of a particular characteristic.
subliminal presentation
A method of presenting stimuli so faintly or rapidly that people do not have any conscious awareness of having been exposed to them.
superordinate goal
A shared goal that can be achieved only through cooperation among individuals or groups.
system justification theory
A theory that proposes that people are motivated (at least in part) to defend and justify the existing social, political, and economic conditions.