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50 Cards in this Set

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Functionalist Perspective
Macrolevel Analysis Level

Society is composed of interrelated parts that work together to maintain stability within society. This stability is threatened by dysfunctional acts and institutions.
Conflict Perspective
Macrolevel Analysis Level

Society is characterized by social inequality; social life is a struggle for scarce resources. Social arrangements benefit some groups
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
Microlevel Analysis Level

Society is the sum of the interactions of people and groups. Behavior is learned in interaction with other people; how people define a situation becomes the foundation for how they behave.
Lee's Six Styles of Love
1. Eros
2. Mania
3. Ludus
4. Storge
5. Agape
6. Pragma
Eros
Love of beauty

Powerful physical attraction
Mania
Obsessive love

Jealousy, possessiveness and intense dependency
Ludus
Playful love

Carefree quality, casualness; fun-and-game approach
Storge
Companionate love

Peaceful and affectionate love based on mutual trust and respect
Agape
Altruistic love

Self-sacrificing, kind, and patient love
Pragma
Practical love

Sensible, realistic
Reiss’s Wheel of Love

Stage One
Rapport – ease of understanding attractiveness
Reiss’s Wheel of Love

Stage Two
Self-revelation – revealing values & beliefs
Reiss’s Wheel of Love

Stage Three
Mutual Dependency – developing reliance on each other
Reiss’s Wheel of Love

Stage Four
Need Fulfillment – Confiding and mutual decision making. Does relationship meet need for closeness & intimacy?
Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love

Component One
Intimacy – feelings of closeness and bonding
Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love

Component Two
Passion – romance, physical attractiveness, sex
Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love

Component Three
Decision/commitment – has 2 dimensions

a. short term – decision to love each other
b. long term – commitment to love over time
Argot
Specialized language used by members of a group or subculture
Bilingualism
The use of two or more languages in particular settings, such as workplaces or educational facilities, treating each language as equally legitimate
Counterculture
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture
Cultural Relativism
The viewing of people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture
Cultural Universals
General practices found in every culture
Culture
The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior
Culture Lag
Ogburn's term for a period of maladjustment during which the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions
Culture Shock
The feeling of surprise and disorientation that is experienced when people witness cultural practices different from their own.
Diffusion
The process by which a cultural item is spread from group to group or society to society.
Discovery
The process of making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality
Dominant Ideology
A set of cultural beliefs and practices that helps to maintain powerful social, economic, and political interests
Ethnocentrism
The tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to ill others
Folkways
Norms governing everyday social behavior whose violation raises comparatively little concern
Formal Norms
Norms that generally have been written down and that specify strict rules for punishment of violators
Informal Norms
Norms that generally are understood but are not precisely recorded
Innovation
The process of introducing new elements into a culture through either discovery or invention
Invention
The combination of existing cultural items into a form that did not previously exist
Language
An abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture.

It also includes gestures and other nonverbal communication
Law
Governmental social control
Material Culture
The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives
Mores
Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society
Nonmaterial Culture
Cultural adjustments to material conditions, such as customs, beliefs. patterns of communication, and ways of using material objects
Norms
Established standards of behavior maintained by a society
Sanctions
Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm.
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
A hypothesis concerning the
role of language in shaping cultures.

It holds that language is culturally determined and serves to influence
our mode of thought
Society
A fairly large number of people who live in the same territory, are relatively independent of people outside it, and participate in a common culture
Subculture
A segment of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society
Technology
Information about bow to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires.
Values
Collective conceptions of what is considered good, desirable, and proper, or bad, undesirable, and improper, in a culture
Xenocentrism
The belief that the products, styles, or ideas of one's society are inferior to those that originate elsewhere.
Describe the Objectives of Chinese Wedding Culture
1)joining and enhancing 2 families
2) ensuring succession with numerous descendants
3)retain reverence for parents and ancestors
4)encourage wealth and maintain financial and social obligations (for ex: thru extensive gift giving)
5)Incorporate bride into groom's family
Describe the Process of the Chinese Wedding
1) Proposal and acceptance of proposal; goes through a go-between so no one loses face if denied; if accepted groom's family gives bride's family gifts and if accepted, the go-between gets a document of the date and time of the girl's birth; given to G family and put on altar for 3 days and if nothing bad happens they go to astrologer for compatibility and then luckiest wedding dates; families then meet

2) Betrothal; bargaining and negotiating bride price; B family offers G family bridal cakes to signify done deal; several days later, B family presents list of her dowry

3) Preparing for the wedding day; traditionally B separates self and stays in a cock loft and hangs out with friends for a few days; installation of bridal bed, which groom is involved in; bridal bed installed by lucky person and their kids are encouraged to play on the bed for fertility

4) Day of wedding; hair dressing ritual; luckiest woman dresses her hair; father places a cap on G at the family altar

5) Procession from G house to obtain Bride; celebration; B friends will not give Baway without Ang Peu (pockets of money); groom takes B to his house and B required to step over saddle or small stove to ward off evil spirits

6) Wedding; simple, goes to G family altar to pay respect to ancestors and offer cup of tea to G parents; usually some kind of banquet after; 3 days after, B parents go to B's new home and she receives them as if they were guests, not her parents
Describe Germany Wedding
3 Day Celebration
Day One: Thurs; couple gets together with close family and friends for civil ceremony; after ceremony, everyone goes out to dinner

Day Two: Friday; Polterabend "Wedding Eve Party" hosted by friends and neighbors; smash things like plates to bring good luck; may nothing ever break again in your home

Day Three; Saturday; religious ceremony if couple wants; followed by reception with traditional food; Ransom game at reception, groom has to pay ransom before couple can leave, promising to come to another party