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33 Cards in this Set

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checks and balances

the system in which each branch of government can limit the powers or actions of the other branches

civil rights

the rights that are guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution

coastal plain

the broad, flat region that in NC extends 100-150 miles inland from the ocean

colony

a group of settlements far from, but ruled by, the home country

Columbian Exchange

the movement of plants, animals, diseases, and other living things between the Eastern and Western hemispheres

Congress

the lawmaking branch of government

consumer goods

products made for use by the average person, rather than for other industries

Corduroy road

type of road formed by placing logs side by side

corporation

a business owned by many people

Crash of 1929

the great drop in stock prices that caused the stock market to collapse and began the Great Depression

credit

a way of paying for something in small amounts until it is paid for in full

Croatoan

an island near Roanoke Island which John White's colonists may have visited and the name of the people who lived there

Declaration of Independence

the document adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, declaring the US as a nation independent from Great Britain

discrimination

treating some people differently from others because of their race, beliefs, or heritage

economy

the way a group of people produces goods and services

Emancipation Proclamation

the announcement by President Lincoln freeing all enslaved persons in the Confederate States

expansionist

a person who favors taking over land outside his or her own country

fall line

the imaginary line formed by connecting all the points where rivers drop suddenly from highlands to lowlands, forming waterfalls or rapids

federalist

a person who supported the new US Constitution of 1787

fireside chat

radio broadcast by President Franklin D Roosevelt in which he spoke to Americans in everyday language about how government was dealing with Depression

French and Indian War

a war in which the French and Native American allies fought British soldiers and American militia

fugitive slave law

a law forcing American citizens to return runaway enslaved Africans

geographic region

a large area of land with similar features

immigration

the movement of people from other countries and regions to a new country to live

impeach

to charge a public official with wrongdoing

impressment

the act of seizing people against their will and forcing them into military service

indentured servant

a person who worked without pay for a specified number of years in return for passage to a colony, clothing, food and shelter

Industrial Revolution

a time of great and rapid changes, when people switched from making goods by hand to manufacturing goods with power-driven machines

inflation

an increase in the price of goods and services and decrease in the value of money

interest

a charge for borrowing money

Lewis and Clark expedition

exploration of northern section of Louisiana Territory by explorers led by Lewis and Clark

literary fund

a fund set up by NC legislature to establish a public school system

Louisiana Purchase

the land west of the Mississippi River that US bought from France in 1803