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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
affective forecasting
The process of predicting how you will feel in response to future events.
bask in reflected glory
To increase self–esteem by associating with others who are successful.
dialecticism
An Eastern system of thought that accepts the coexistence of contradictory characteristics within a single person.
downwards social comparison
The defensive tendency to compare ourselves with others who are worse off than we are.
facial feedback hypothesis
The hypothesis that changes in facial expression can lead to changes in emotion.
implicit egotism
A non–conscious form of self–enhancement.
overjustification effect
The tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activities that have become associated with reward or other extrinsic factors.
private self–consciousness
A personality characteristic of individuals who are introspective, often attending to their own inner states.
public self–consciousness
A personality characteristic of individuals who focus on themselves as social objects, as seen by others.
self–awareness theory
The theory that self–focused attention leads people to notice self–discrepancies, thereby motivating either an escape from self–awareness or a change in behaviour.
self–concept
The sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own personal attributes.
self–esteem
An affective component of the self, consisting of a person's positive or negative self–evaluations.
self–handicapping
Behaviours designed to sabotage one's own performance, in order to provide a subsequent excuse for failure.
self–monitoring
The tendency to change behaviour in response to the self–presentation concerns of the situation.
self–perception theory
The theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret, people gain self–insight by observing their own behaviour.
self–presentation
Strategies people use to influence what others think of them.
self–regulation
The process by which people control their thoughts, feelings or behaviour in order to achieve a social or personal goal.
self–schema
A belief people hold about themselves that guides the processing of self–relevant information.
social comparison theory
The theory that people evaluate their own abilities and opinions by comparing themselves to others.
Terror Management Theory
The theory that humans cope with the fear of their own death by constructing worldviews that help preserve their self–esteem.
two–factor theory of emotion
The theory that the experience of emotion is based on two factors: physiological arousal and a cognitive interpretation of that arousal.