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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
attachment style
The way a person typically interacts with significant others.
communal relationship
A relationship in which the participants expect and desire mutual responsiveness to each other's needs.
companionate love
A secure, trusting, stable partnership.
equity theory
The theory that people are most satisfied with a relationship when the ratio between benefits and contributions is similar for both partners.
exchange relationship
A relationship in which the participants expect and desire strict reciprocity in their interactions.
excitation transfer
The process whereby arousal caused by one stimulus is added to arousal from a second stimulus and the combined arousal is attributed to the second stimulus.
hard–to–get effect
The tendency to prefer people who are highly selective in their social choices over those who are more readily available.
intimate relationship
A close relationship between two adults involving emotional attachment, fulfillment of psychological needs, or interdependence.
loneliness
A feeling of deprivation about existing social relations.
matching hypothesis
The proposition that people are attracted to others who are similar in physical attractiveness.
mere exposure effect
The phenomenon whereby the more often people are exposed to a stimulus, the more positively they evaluate that stimulus.
need for affiliation
The desire to establish and maintain many rewarding interpersonal relationships.
passionate love
Romantic love characterized by high arousal, intense attraction, and fear of rejection.
reciprocity
A mutual exchange between what we give and receive – for example, liking those who like us.
self–disclosure
Revelations about the self that a person makes to others.
sexual orientation
A person's preference for members of the same sex, opposite sex, or both sexes.
social exchange theory
A perspective that views people as motivated to maximize benefits and minimize costs in their relationship with others.
triangular theory of love
A theory proposing that love has three basic components – intimacy, passion, and commitment – that can be combined to produce eight subtypes.
what–is–beautiful–is–good stereotype
The belief that physically attractive individuals also possess desirable personality characteristics.