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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social psychology
systematic study of the nature and causes of human behavior
core concerns of social psychology
impact1 individual has on another
impact of groups on individuals
impact of individuals on groups
impact of groups on groups
set of interrelated propositions that organizes and explains a set of observed phenomena
middle range theories
narrow, focused frameworks that identifgy conditions that produce a specific social behavior
theoretical perspectives
broader in schop that mrt offer general explanations for wide array of social behaviors in a bariety of situations
role theory
roles consist of a set of rules that function as plans or blueprints to guide behavior--a substantial portion of observable day to day social behavior is people carrying out roles
rules specifying how a person should behave, what rewards will result for performance and what punishments will result for nonperformance
reinforcement theory
social behavior governed by external events--people more likely to engage in behavior if reinforced positively
a change in behavior is
a response
stimulus discrimination
learns exact conditions under which a response will be reinforced
social learning theory
one person can acquire new responses by oberseving behavior of antoher
social exchange theory
uses the concept of reinforcement to explain stability and change in relations between individuals
maximize rewards and minimize costs
cognitive theory
mental activities of an individual are importnatn determinants of social behavior
cognitive theory was influenced by who and from what movement
koffka and kohler from gestalt psych movement
cognitive structure
any form of oganization among concepts and beliefs
form or basic sketch of what we know
cognitive consistency
individuals strive to hole ideas that are consistent iwth one another
symbolic interaction theory
stress cognitie processes and place great emphasis on interacton between indivuals in society
evolutionary theory
locates teh roots of social behavior in our genes and links psychological and social to biological
central concept of role theory
conjectural statement of relations between 2 or more variables
internal validity
free from contamination by exterraneous variables
external validity
extent to which causal relationships can be generalized to other popular settings or time periods
definition of situation
belief of wahts true
role partners
those with status related to ours--student/teacher
extent to which an instrument produces same result each time it is employed to measure a particular construct under given conditions
way to assess reliability
test-retest method
split half method--see if responses consistent across items
instrument measures what its intended to measure
representative subset
how we acquire the ability to function in society
developmental perspective of socialization
socialization dependent on process of phsycial and psychological maturation which are biologically determined
social learning perspective of socialization
children aquire cognitive and behavioral skills from environment
agent of socialization
source for what is being learned
a target
a person being socialized
instrumental conditioning
a process wherein a person learns what response to make in a situation in order to obtain a psoitive reinforcement or avoid negative reinforcement
self reinforcement
child can judge own work and recieve internal rewards