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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Affect Illusion Model
Theory explaining how affect influences social thought and social jugdements
Nonverbal Communication
An unspoken language of facial expressions, eye contact,and body language.
Unrealistic Optimism
The tendency to beleive that we are more likey to experience posative life events and less likely to expeirience negative life events then simular others
Planning Fallacy
The tendency to make optimistic predictions concernincg how long a given task will take
Counterfactual Thinking
The tendency to evaluate events by thinking about alternatives to them. the more readily the altenatives come to mind the stronger our reactions to the events that actully occurred
Automatic Vigilance
The strong tendency to pay attention undessirable or negative information
Discounting Principle
the tendency to attach less importance to one potential cause of some behavior when other potential causes are also present
Information Overload
Instances in which our ability to process imformation is exceeded
Mood -Congruent Jugdement Effect
The finding that there is often a good match between our current mood and the social judgements that we make
False Consensus Effect
The tendency to assume that others think or behave to a greater extent then is actually true
The process through which we seek to identify the causes of others behavior and so gain knowledge of their stable traits and dispotions.
Augmenting Principle
The tendency to attach greater importance to a potential cause of behavior if the behavior occurs despite despite the presence of other , inhibitory causes
Representativeness Heuristic
a strategy for making judgements based on the exstent to which current stimuli of events resemble ones we veiw as being typical
Avaliability Heuristic
A strategy for making judgements on the bias of how easily specific kinds of imformation that can be readily remembered is veiwed as more prevelent or important than imformation that cannot be readily remembered
Base Rate Fallacy
The tendency to ignor or underuse information relating to base rates- the relative frequency with which conditions events, or stimuli actully occur
Impression Formation
The process thruogh which we form impressions of others
Social Cognition
The process through which we recall , interpert, reason, and make jugdements about others. Social cognition is concerned with the use and manipulation of social imformation.
Cognative Biases
Systematic tendencies towards bias in our social cognative processes, involving selective attention and processing of social imformation
Occurs when stimuli or events increase the avaliablity of specific types of imformation in the memory
Self-serving Bias
the tendency to attribute posative outcomes in one's own life to inturnal causes but negative causes to exturnal causes.
Noncommon Effects
Effects produced by a particular cause that could not be produced by any other apparent cause
The extent to which an individual responds to a given stimulus or situation in the same way on different occasions.(i.e. across time)
Impression Management(self presentation)
Techniques designed to create a favorable impression of oneself in others (target persons)
The extent to which an individual responds in a similar mannor to different stimuli or different situations
Organized collections of beliefs and feelings about some aspect of the world . schemas operate like scaffolds providing structure for the interpretation and organization of new information we encounter
Rules or princilpes that allow individuals to make social judgements rapidly and with reduced effort
Automatic Priming
The effect that occurs when stimuli of which individuals are not consciously aware act as primers
Fundimental Attribution Error
the tendecy to overestimate the impact of dipositional (internal)causes on others behavior .
Body Language
Cues provided by the potion , posture ,and movement of of people's body or body parts
Eye contact in which one person continues to gaze steadily at another regaurdless of what the other does.
Social Perception
The process through which we seek social imformation, form impressions about athers and register and encode that information in our minds.
The extent to which actions by one person are also shown by others.
Actor-observer effect
The tendency to attribute our own behavior mainly to situational causes but the behavior of other s to mainly to internal(dispostional causes).