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49 Cards in this Set

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The Great Plague

The great plague has been a devastating factor in Europe. It has appeared in Europe many times.the first time being in 1346 and the last being in 1671.


Form of art that emerged from late years of the renaissance around 1520.

Jacobin republic

the Jacobin club was a club the was a part of the french revolution .


A style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed mannerism and is characterized by ornate detail.


Nicolaus Copernicus was aMathematician who placed the sun in the center of the solar system instead of the earth during the renaissance.


Galileo was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance.


Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician who one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. he came up with the three laws of motion and a knew math call calculus.

William Harvey

an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology. He was the first known to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped through the body by the heart.


Prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire. Galen influenced the development of various scientific disciplines, like anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and neurology, as well as philosophy and logic.

Francis bacon

English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. also was part of the scientific revolution

Rene Descartes

A French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.Dubbed the father of modern philosophy,much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings

Peace of Westphalia

This is the treaty that ended the 30 year war

Machiavelli"s The Prince

The book that has guide lines for a ruler to follow to be successful and great.

English Civil war

The war that Parliamentarians and Royalists in the Kingdom of England had over, the manner of its government.


A Dutch Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.

Martin Luther

A figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Late Medieval Catholic Church.

John Calvin

John Calvin was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a figure in the development of Calvinism


Christians who believe in delaying baptism until the candidate confesses his or her faith in Christ as opposed to being baptized as an infant. The Amish, Hutterites, and Mennonites are direct descendants of the movement.


A male religious congregation of the Catholic Church The members are called Jesuits

Council of Trent

one of the Roman Catholic Church's most important ecumenical councils. Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.

Henry VIII

Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He had six wife's


Queen of England and Ireland

French Wars of Religion

wars fought between French Catholics and Protestants.


The House of Habsburg, or House of Austria, was one of the most important royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire

Edict Of Nantes

the king of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in the nation .

Columbian Exchange

A period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds

Little Ice Age

A period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period

Louis XIV

Was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France

Jean-Baptiste colbert

Jean-Baptiste Colbert was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France

Peter the great

he was the king of Russia. he tried to westernized Russian.

Catherine the Great

She was the emperor of Russia, An Absolute monarch

Glorious Revolution

The overthrowing of King James II of England (J by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau.

Dutch Republic

it is made up of the seven provinces of the Netherlands

Battle of Vienna

A battle that took place in Vienna between the Holy Roman empire vs Ottoman Empire.

French Revolution

the overthrowing of the king of France to have a better government .

Lois XVI

the king of France during the Revolution. he was guillotined on Jan 21,1793.


the man behind the Reign of Terror

Reign of terror

during the french revolution many french people fell to the guillotine and Robespierre.

Toussaint L'Quverture

the dude that got Haiti free from french control.


the French military and political leader and he was the French emperor And he had some successful campaigns across Europe.

Congress of Vienna

A conference of ambassadors of European states.The objective was a long-term peace plan for Europe .

Agricultural Revolution

period of transition from the pre- agricultural period. this period changed the way many Europeans ate.


John Locke was an English philosopher and physician.


Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. he help the development of modern political and educational thought of the time.


A European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries that emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition


the economic theory that trade generates wealth and the accumulation of profitable balances

Adam Smith

Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and part of the Scottish Enlightenment.


Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.


a French philosopher, art critic, and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopedia