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9 Cards in this Set

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a geological feature consisting of a stone ,massive rock ora rock which has been placed as or within a monument.


Type of monolith. Used to construct a monument or structure,alone or with other stones.


A hard, naturally occurringsolid substance generally composed of minerals.


A naturally occurring inorganic solidsubstance having a definite chemical composition and characteristiccrystalline structure, colour and hardness.


The breaking down of the Earth’s crust intosmaller and smaller pieces.

Moh's Hardness Scale

Talc 1

Gypsum 2

Calcite 3

Fluorite 4

Apatite 5

Orthoclase 6

Quartz 7

Topaz 8

Corundum 9

Diamond 10

Igneous Rock

Formed from hot magma. When the magma cools and hardens, igneous rock is formed.

Metamorphic Rock

Contact; rocks are exposed to high temperature

Regional: inside the Earth's crust, rocks are exposed to heat and pressure.

Sedimentary Rock

Clastic: formed from sediments of pre-existing rocks or minerals

Chemical: formed when water travelling through rock dissolves the minerals.

Biological: form from remains of organisms