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20 Cards in this Set

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Antithesis

Establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure.

Asyndeton

Consists of omitting conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses.

Epistrophe

Forms the counterpart to anaphora, because the repetition of the same word or words comes at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.

Exemplum

Citing an example; using an illustrative story, either true or fictitious.

Metabasis

Consists of a brief statement of what has been said and what will follow.

Metonymy

Another form of metaphor, very similar to synecdoche, in which the thing chosen for the metaphorical image is closely associated with the subject with which it is to be compared.
Polysyndeton
The use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause, and is thus structurally the opposite of asyndeton.
Enthymeme
An informally-stated syllogism which omits either one of the premises or the conclusion.
Parallelism
Recurrent syntactical similarity.
Antiphrasis
One word irony, established by context.
Assonance
Similar vowel sounds repeated in successive or proximate words containing different consonants.
Epithet
An adjective or adjective phrase appropriately qualifying a subject (noun) by naming a key or important characteristic of the subject.
Metanoia
Qualifies a statement by recalling it (or part of it) and expressing it in a better, milder, or stronger way.
Anaphora
Repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences, commonly in conjunction with climax and with parallelism.
Amplification
Involves repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it, in order to emphasize what might otherwise be passed over.
Hyperbole
Counterpart of understatement, deliberately exaggerates conditions for emphasis or effect.
Alliteration
The recurrence of initial consonant sounds.
Allusion
A short, informal reference to a famous person or event.
Aposiopesis
Stopping abruptly and leaving a statement unfinished.
Hypophora
Consists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length.