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15 Cards in this Set

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Anaphora

Repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences, commonly in conjunction with climax and with parallelism

To think on death it is in misery,/ to think on life it is a vanity,/ to think on the world verily it is,/ to think that no man has no perfect bliss.

Antithesis

A device that establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure

That short and easy trip made a lasting and profound change in Harold's outlook.

Asyndeton

A stylistic device that consist of ommiting conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses.

This is the villain among you who deceived you, who cheated you, who meant to betray you completely.

Chiasmus

A rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect.

Bad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink so that they may live

Diacope

The repetition of a word or phrase after and intervening or phrase as a method of emphasis

We will do it, I tell you; we will do it

Ellipsis

A stylistic element used to omit some parts of a text that allows the reader to fill in the gaps by the use of context clues

To be or not... That is the question

Inverted syntax (inversion)

Reversing the normal order of a sentence

What they talked of all evening long, no one remember the next day

Litotes

In rhetoric, a figure in which the affirmative is expressed by the negation of the contrary; it employs an understatement by using double negatives

It is no ordinary city

Parable

A short story from which a moral or spiritual lesson may be drawn

The boy who cried wolf

Parallel syntactic structures

Using the same part of speech or syntactic structure


1. Each element of a series


2. Before and after coordinating conjunctions ( and, but, yet, or, for, nor)


3. After each of a pair or a correlative conjunctions ( not only...but also, neither... nor, both... and, etc)

1. Over the hill, through the woods, and to grandmother's house we go


2. It was the best of times and it was the worst of times


3. The vegetable is both rich in vitamins and low in calories

Parenthesis

A word, clause, or sentence inserted as an explanation or afterthought into a passage that is grammatically complete without it- usually marked off by parenthesis, dashes, or commas

Everytime I try to think of a good rhetorical example, I rack my brains but-- you guessed-- nothing happens

Periodic sentence structure

A sentence written so that the full meaning cannot be understood until the end

To belive your own thought, to believe what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, that is genius.

Polysyndeton

a stylistic device in which several coordinating conjunctions (and, or, etc) are used in succession in order to achieve and artistic effect

Let the white folks have their money and power in segregation and sarcasm and big houses and schools and lawns... Let them have their whiteness

Syntax

The patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words

Parallelism falls under the category of syntax because it is a way the words are formed and organized within a sentence

Zeugma

A figure of speech in which a word, usually a verbal or an adjective, applies to more than one noun, blending together grammatically and logically different ideas

Pride opresseth humility; hatred love; cruelty compassion.