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### 8 Cards in this Set

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 Dependent Variable A variable whose variation is to be explained in a study. Independent Variable A variable that is used to explain a dependent variable. Explanation Relating variation in the dependent variable to variation in the independent variable. Variation Differences within a set of measurements of a variable Intervening Variable One that occurs between the independent variable and the dependent variable and affects the relationship between them. Antecedent Variable One that occurs before the independent variable and the dependent variable. Correlation Any relationship between two variables. Spurious Relationship An apparent causal relationship between two variables that is actually due to one or more other variables.