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32 Cards in this Set

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Ultrasound appearance for chronic pyelonephritis

Small and echogenic , lobulated borders

Ultrasound appearance for lupus nephritis and hypertensive neuropathy (these two are different pathologies)

Small and echogenic

Sickle cell neuropathy ultrasound appearance for acute and chronic cases

Acute -hypoechoic enlarged kidneys and renal vein thrombosis


Chronic - small and echogenic

Most common cause of chronic renal failure (CRF)

Diabetes mellitus

Clinical findings for CRF is

Diabetes , azotemia(too much nitrogen ) , elevated BUN , elevated creatinine , hypertension and hyperkalemia

Treatment for CRF

Dialysis or renal transplant ( irreversible )

Primary renal cancer that is common in adult males

Renal cell carcinoma, hypernephroma, adenocarcinoma, von growtitz tumor of the kidney

What does the patient present with when regarding renal cell carcinoma

Flank pain, palpable mass, gross hematuria , Unexplained weight loss and anorexia

Sign and symptoms for renal cell carcinoma(Von growtitz tumor)

Smoking, hypertension, obesity

Renal cell carcinoma is commonly seen in

Tuberous sclerosis, Long term dialysis, Von hipple lindau disease (ADPKD) and males !

Ultrasound appearance of renal cell carcinoma

Hypoechoic or isoechoic to normal real tissue

Common clinical presentation of transitional cell carcinoma

Hematuria

Ultrasound appearance of transitional cell carcinoma kidneys and bladder

Large masses most often appear as happily Koblick to isoechoic messages within the renal pelvis and hyperechoic in the bladder

Metastasis to the kidneys are most often from what organs(5)

Lungs breast prostate pancreas and melanoma

Renal lymphoma is what(metastasis)

Bilateral invasion with multiple nodules

Sonographic appearance of metastasis to the kidneys

enlarged hypoechoic kidneys, multiple hypo areas in the kidney

Common childhood tumor before the age of five and the mean age of three

Wilms tumor/nephroblastoma

Wilms tumor/nephroblastoma invades where and what is it associated with

invades the renal vein and inferior Venna cava and associated with beckwith-weidman syndrome

Ultrasound appearance of Wilms tumor/nephroblastoma

Large solid mostly echogenic mass that contains anechoic hypoechoic regions

How does Wilms tumor/nephroblastoma displace the kidney

Inferiorly

Blunt trauma to the kidney region, surgical intervention and lithotripsy is what

Trauma and renal hematoma

What else should you visualize with renal cell carcinoma

The renal vein and IVC should be closely visualize(may have invasion)

Lab Value for Trauma and renal hematoma

Decrease hematocrit value

H

Bh

Unilateral or bilateral for Renal cell carcinoma

Uni lateral

RC grading stages are how many

4

Grade one for RC grading

Confined to kidney

RC grading stage two

Spreads to the perinephric fat but within Gerotas foscia

Grade 34 RC grading

Spread to the renal vein, IVC, regional lymph nodes

Grade 4 for RC staging

Invasion of neighboring structures, distant metastasis

Malignant tumor that is most often found in the area renal pelvis the ureter and urinary bladder

Transitional cell carcinoma(TCC)

Is it transitional cell carcinoma have a primary location

No