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20 Cards in this Set

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Causes of Renaissance

- End of Middle Ages


- City-states (in Italy) rose


- Church lost most of its power


- Competition between wealthy people

Renaissance (Definition)

"Rebirth" of (ancient) culture; beginning of Humanism

Humanism (Definition)

New philosophy that glorified the culture of Ancient Greece and Rome; coexisted with religion; found that life was more important than the afterlife

Civic Humanism (Definition)

Believed that people should participate in public affairs; individuals should not cut themselves off from society

Petrarch

- First humanist of the Renaissance


- Admired by the Greeks and Romans


- Felt that proper behavior/morals came from the ancients

Boccaccio

- Wrote "The Decameron" (intended for entertainment)

Castiglione

- Wrote "The Courtier" (became a manual of proper behavior between gentlemen and ladies)

De Verona & Da Feltre

- Turned the ideas of Humanism into a practical curriculum


- Founded a schol for student to learn new subjects

Ficino

- A member of the Neoplatonists (studied works and ideas of Plato)

Pico

- Neoplatonist


- Believed that all philosophies showed a single truth behind them

Medieval Art

- Lacked depth/perspective


- Had no background


- Religious themes (focused on holy people)


- Not realistic


- Little to no emotion

Renaissance Art

- Emulated Greeks and Romans


- Used depth/perspective


- Detailed backgrounds


- Earthy themes


- More realistic/emotion


- Contrapposto posture (shifted balance)



Giotto

- Early Renaissance


- Solid bodies


- Human Expression


- Landscapes

Masaccio

- Early Renaissance


- First to show nudes in his paintings


- Emphasized nature and perspective

Donatello

- Early Renaissance


- Sculptor


- Focused on the beauty of the human body

Brunelleschi

- Early Renaissance


- Created the largest dome in Europe


- Focused on symmetry, balance, and simplicity

Leonardo

- High Renaissance


- Painter, scientist, writer, and inventor


- Used angles, perspective, and a detailed background in his paintings

Raphael

- High Renaissance


- Mastered perspective to produce works of harmony, beauty, and serenity (conveyed a sense of peace)

Michelangelo

- High Renaissance


- Experimented in poetry


- Focused on individuals who give a sense of strength and ambition

Titian

- High Renaissance


- Painted scenes of luxury (seemed real to the viewer)