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8 Cards in this Set

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study: factors that influence encoding

Stein and Bransford (1979)

- meaningful participant elaboration > base + elaboration > non meaningful participant elaboration > base > base + congruent idea

i.e elaborative rehearsal enhances encoding in LTM

"deep processing" who and what

Craik and Tulving (1975) akin to the idea of elaborative processing

elaborative enconding involves what two main things

memory and comprehension --> you can't elaboratively encode if you don't understand

study memory model diagram


2 good memory tools

- mnemonic

- loci --> shopping list exercise

Encoding retrieval context

who and what

Godden and Baddeley (1975)

scuba diving vs dry land encoding and recall

strong support for the fact that context is involved in remembering information

informed vs uninformed passage comprehension

who and what

Bransford and Johnson (1972)

- informed group average rating 4.5/7 and 32% recall

- uniformed group average rating 2.8/7 and remembered 13%

= elaborative encoding improves comprehension and memory

Semantic networks

who, when, what

Palermo and Jenkins (1964), word association, determining percentage time people associate a particular word with another e.g hand --> foot, or hand --> finger