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17 Cards in this Set

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Professionalization of the Army

Sherman was a large proponent of professionalizing the army - at the time of the civil war, west point was the only military academy. The military service institution and school for application of infantry ad cavalry were created, trying to develop a new generation of command

Army School System

New schools for training leaders, cavalry, etc. Was only West Point for quite some time.

Emory Upton

General and strategist who authored New System of Infantry Tactics, focused on individual level, abandoning long lines. Critical of waste, used modified tactics of small columns.

School of Application for Infantry and Cavalry

Training school for Cavalry established after the Civil War, very useful for westward expansion

National Guard

Coming from militia, the National Guard got funding from the state and eventually replaced militias

Admiral Stephen B. Luce

Like Sherman, but for the Navy. Creates the US Naval Institute and appoints Mehan as a lecturer

Dick Bill/Militia Act 1903

National guard officers to be examined by special board to be certified as eligible for command, armed by the war department, Natl. Guard become nation's 1st reserve, deployment restrictions to inside the US

Mandatory training periods, subject to a month call up within continental US

Endicott Board

Fortifications among important areas of US coast and territories


American ship hired by Cuban revolutionaries to move supplies in Cuba to attack the Spanish, led to US naval resurgence as the US realized that their ships were majorly lacking

Elihu Root, Sec. of War

Enlarged West Point, established Army War College and General Staff, eliminated post of commanding general. Made Chief of Staff position, based on merit

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Wrote Influence of Sea Power on History, promoted heavy navalism and imperialism, idealized the British sea power legacy, says US needs to shift to modern battleships to dominate fleets and oceans

Social Darwinism

Survival of the fittest, idea that allowed Mahan's navalism ideas to thrive

Spanish-American War

War that showed the US was unprepared for large-scale war - supply lines were inefficient, militias were able to join, bringing the professionalism of the armed forces down, bribery was rampant, and training was minimal. Leads to reforms in the military.

Philippine Insurection

After the acquisition of the Philippines in the Spanish-American War, the revolutionaries wanted independence - not another colonial ruler. Lasted 3 years, ended in US victory and control over Philippines until the end of WWII.

Boxer Rebellion

Uprising in China, opposition to imperialism and missionary activity,

US First Volunteer Cavalry (Rough Riders)

College athletes, cowboys and Indians who knew how to ride horses, most notably under the command of Theodore Roosevelt, who fought as volunteers in Cuba during the Spanish-American War

General Staff Act of 1903

one of the Root reforms, created the General Staff in the Army, which eliminated the commanding general post and made chief of staff position, general among with Chief of Staff were apex of armed forces