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57 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

What is the genus

Sus

What is the species

Scrofa, Vittatus

What is a piglet

Young pig prior to weaning

What is a shoat

Intact immature male

What is a pig

Young swine of either sex, less than 120# (around 4 mon old)

What is a hog

Large swine of either sex; commercial producers usually prefer this term when referring to any size of swine

What is a swine

Refers to the porcine species

What is a sow

Mature intact female

What is a boar

Mature intact male

What is a barrow

Male castrated before puberty

What is a stag

Male castrated after puberty

What is a gilt

Immature female

What is farrowing

Parturition

What is the normal temp

101-103.5

What is the normal pulse rate

60-90 bpm (adults)


200-280 bpm (newborns)

What is the normal respiration rate

10-24 breaths per minute


up to 50 in young

What is a maternal line

Breed of swine that has stronger maternal characteristics

What is a terminal line

Breed of swine that has stronger meat characteristics

What do most commercial hog producers use

Synthetic lines

American Landrace

Chester White

Duroc

Hampshire

Hereford

Poland China

Spotted Swine

Tamworth

Yorkshire

What is their estrus cycle

Polyestrous

When is puberty

4-8 mon (female)


6-8 mon (male

When is the first time of breeding

7-9 mon

How long is the estrous cycle

18-24 days

How long is estrus

2-3 days

When does ovulation occur

40-46 hrs after the beginning of estrus

When is the optimal time of breeding

24-36 hrs after the onset of estrus (older)


12-24 hrs after the onset of estrus (gilts)

How long is their gestation

114 days

What is a normal weight for piglets

4-4.5 lbs

What is a normal litter size

8-14

When are piglets weaned

3-6 wks

What are the goals of production

To wean 21-22 pigs per year


Average 2.57 litters


Wean 9 piglets per litter or more

What is the boar effect

Boar exposure to gilts causes earlier onset of puberty with some synchronization

What are the signs of estrus

Frequent mounting by other sows


Restless activity


Swelling of the vulva


Discharge from the vulva


Frequent urination


Decreased appetite


Loud grunting


Lordosis

What is lordosis

Response during male mounting or when back pressure is applied resulting in a rigid stance and erect ears

What is not recommended for semen collection

Electroejaculation

What semen is more effective

Fresh and cooled

How many times will the female be AI

2-3 times per estrus

What is heterospermic insemination

Insemination of a female with a mixture of semen from multiple males

What is homospermic insemination

Insemination of a female with semen from only one male

What are the cs of impending parturition

Vulva swelling


Labial mucosa hypermic


Mammary gland enlargement


Milk


Respiratory rates increase


Restless and nesting

What occurs during stage 1 parturition

vocalization


Lateral recumbency

What occurs in stage 2 of parturition

Farrowing interval: 16 min


Still birth: 30 min or longer


All delivered in 4-6 hours

What percentage of piglets are delivered breached

50

How long should stage 3 of parturition take

Complete within 4 hours

What is the percentage of dystocia

less than 1

When should assistance be sought

45-60 minutes without progress

What is good neonatal care

Oxygenation and pulse assessment


Temp regulation


Care of the umbilical cord and umbilicus


Nutrition


Bonding


Passage of meconium


Adequacy of passive transfer of antibodies


PE

What is the dentition

3/3


1/1


4/4


3/3