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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Causes of public decline of trust in government
Public confidence and trust in government declined in the 1970s in the wake of economic challenges, political scandals, foreign policy "failures," and a sense of social and moral decay
Sources of opposition to liberal trends
The rapid and substantial growth of evangelical and fundamentalist Christian churches and organizations, as well as increased political participation by some of those groups
Conservative victories and losses
Conservatives enjoyed significant victories related to taxation and deregulation of many industries, but many conservative efforts to advance moral ideals through politics met inertia and opposition
Reasons for government expansion after 1980
Although Republicans continued to denounce "big government," the size and scope of the federal government continued to grow after 1980, as many programs remained popular with voters and difficult to reform or eliminate
Reagan's and Gorbachev's' arms reductions
President Ronald Reagan, who initially rejected détente with increased defense spending, military action, and bellicose rhetoric, later developed a friendly relationship with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, leading to significant arms reductions by both countries
Ideological impact of end of Cold War
New diplomatic relationships, new U.S. military, peacekeeping interventions and debates over the nature and extent of American power in the world
Effects of World Trade Center bombing
U.S. decision–makers launched foreign policy and military efforts against terrorism and lengthy, controversial conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
Questions concerning War on Terror
The war on terrorism sought to improve security within the United States but also raised questions about the protection of civil liberties and human rights
Reasons for increased economic inequality
Economic inequality increased after 1980 as U.S. manufacturing jobs were eliminated, union membership declined, and real wages stagnated for the middle class
Sources of policy debates in 21st Century
Policy debates intensified over free trade agreements, the size and scope of the government social safety net, and calls to reform the U.S. financial system
Causes of Environmental concerns in 21st Century
Conflict in the Middle East and concerns about climate change led to debates over U.S. dependence on fossil fuels and the impact of economic consumption on the environment
Effects of the spread of computer technology
Increased access to information and led to new social behaviors and networks
Causes and effects of migration to Southern and Western US
After 1980, the political, economic, and cultural influences of the American South and West continued to increase as population shifted to those areas, fueled in part by a surge in migration form regions that had not been heavily represented in earlier migrations, especially Latin America and Asia
Effects of new immigrants
Supplied the economy with a labor force and became the focus in political, economic, and cultural debates
Debates caused by demographic changes
Demographic changes intensified debates about gender roles, family structures, and racial & national identity