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25 Cards in this Set

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Characteristics of US foreign policy post WWII

The United States developed a foreign policy based on collective security and a multilateral economic framework that bolstered non-Communist nations

Methods of communist containment

Military engagements in Korea and Vietnam

Foreign Involvement fluctuations

The Cold War fluctuated between periods of direct and indirect military confrontation and periods of mutual coexistence (or détente)

Alliances during Cold War

Postwar decolonization and the emergence of powerful nationalist movements in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East led both sides in the Cold War to seek allies among new nations, many of which remained nonaligned

Effects of Cold War competition in Latin America

US supported non-Communist regimes with varying levels of commitment to democracy

Causes and Effects of US involvement in Middle East

Ideological, military, and economic concerns shaped U.S. involvement in the Middle East, with several oil crises in the region eventually sparking attempts at creating a national energy policy

Debated policies to root out communists within US

Both parties tended to support the broader Cold War strategy of containing communism

Causes of Anti-War movements in US

The Vietnam War

Debates concerning foreign and military involvement

The merits if a large nuclear arsenal, the "military-industrial complex," and the appropriate power of the executive branch in conducting foreign and military policy

Strategies used to combat racial discrimination

Following World War II, civil rights activists utilized a variety of strategies — legal challenges, direct action, and nonviolent protest tactics — to combat racial discrimination

Methods to promote greater racial justice

Desegregation of the armed services, Brown v. Board of Education, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Effects of white resistance to desegregation

A series of social and political crises across the nation, while tensions among civil rights activists over tactical and philosophical issues increased after 1965

Equality for other groups besides African Americans

Activists began to question society's assumptions about gender and to call for social and economic equality for women and for gays and lesbians. Latinos, American Indians, and Asian Americans began to demand social and economic equality and a redress of past injustices

Causes and Effects of movement to address poverty

Despite the perception of overall affluence in postwar America, advocates raised awareness of the prevalence and persistence of poverty as a national problem, sparking efforts to address this issue

Lyndon Johnson's Great Society

Used federal power to end racial discrimination, eliminate poverty, and address other social issues while attacking communism abroad

Unintentional consequences of the realization of liberal ideals

Helped energize a new conservative movement that mobilized to defend traditional visions of morality and the proper role of state authority

Arguments against liberal results

Groups on the left also assailed liberals, claiming they did too little to transform the racial and economic status quo at home and pursued immoral policies abroad

Effects of federal spending, baby boom, and technological development

A burgeoning private sector, continued federal spending, the baby boom, and technological developments helped spur economic growth, middle-class sub-urbanization, social mobility, a rapid expansion of higher education, and the rise of the "Sun Belt" as a political and economic force

Causes of challenges to conformity by artists and youth

Economic and social changes, in addition to the anxiety engendered by the Cold War

Conservative approach to non-conformity

Increasingly promoted their own values and ideology

Effects of economic boom on immigration

Internal migrants as well as migrants from around the world sought access to the economic boom and other benefits of the United States, especially after the passage of new immigration laws in 1965

Response to the abuse of natural resources

Responding to the abuse of natural resources and the alarming environmental problems, activists and legislators began to call for conservation measures and a fight against pollution

Family structure of Americans after WWII

Was undergoing profound changes as the number of working women increased and many social attitudes changed

Counterculture movement of 1960s

Young people who participated in the counterculture of the 1960s rejected many of the social, economic, and political values of their parents' generation, initiated a sexual revolution, and introduced greater informality into U.S. culture

Conservatives v. liberals

Conservatives and liberals clashed over many new social issues, the power of the presidency and the federal government, and movements for greater individual rights