Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/11

Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

John Ray

natural historian


predecessor to Linnaeus


genus and species


organized based upon observed similarities and differences

Carolus Linnaeus

father of taxonomy


Classification of biological organisms according to their evolutionary relationships


Systema Naturae (organized Ray's system, added order and class)


similar organisms likely descended from a common ancestor



Comte de Buffon

species can change, environment is the driving force (microevolution)


species cannot give rise to new species (macroevolution)

Erasmus Darwin

Zoonomia


Ideas on evolution, including human evolution

Jean Baptiste Lamarck

coined the term "biology"


Mechanism of evolution


theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics


acquired characteristics


Change within species results from need for change due to environmental change


These changes are then passed on to offspring



Georges Cuvier

vertebrate paleontologist


extinction-species can disappear from the fossil record


explanation- Catastrophism



Charles Lyell

father of modern ecology


Uniformitarianism- the same forces that acted in the past and shaped the fossil record are the same forces we see operating today

Thomas Malthus

English clergyman and economist


populations have the ability to increase exponentially, but don't because they are kept in check

Charles Darwin

wealthy natural historian


primary interest- how evolution occurs


On the Origin of Species 1859


dispelled Lamarckian theory


Galapagos finches (Darwin's finches)

Alfred Russell Wallace

little education


had similar ideas to Darwin


influenced theory of natural selection


1855 paper- species are descended from other species, new species result from environmental influences q

Gregor Mendel

father of genetics


discovered the units of inheritance and selection (alleles)


“modern synthesis” or Neodarwinian Theory: Darwinian evolutionary theory + modern genetics