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18 Cards in this Set

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Fitness

The ability to meet the demands of the environment

Health

A state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not merely in the absence of disease and infirmity

Exercise

A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and or/or physical fitness, it is not competitive sport

Isotonic

Results in limb movement

Isometric

Doesn't result in limb movement

Cardiovascular fitness

The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time without tiring

Marathon runner - aerobic - maintain quality of performance over a long time without tiring

Muscular endurance

The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired

Used by performers who need prolonged additional oxygen delivery to working muscles and to repeat muscle contractions over a long period of time without tiring

Muscular strength

The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance

Weight lifter - lift heavy weights


Gymnast - support own body weight

Flexibility

The range of movement possible at a joint

Gymnast - performing splits


Distance runner - increase in stride length

Body composition

The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone

All performers - sprinter - a low ratio of body fat to muscle

Agility

The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body

Rugby team players - dodging tackles from the opposition

Balance

The ability to retain the body's centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static (stationary), of dynamic (changing), conditions of movement, shape and orientation

Gymnast uses balance during a handstand to hold his position still


Discuss thrower as they release the discus to stay in the throwing circle

Coordination

The ability to use two or more body parts together

Tennis player

Power

The ability to do strength performances quickly. So in order to have power, you must have STRENGTH and SPEED

Tennis player - serve a ball


Sprinter - leaving starting block

Reaction time

The time it takes to respond to a given stimulus.

Swimmer/springer - gun at start of a race


Rugby player realising the need to change direction due to deflected ball

Speed

Relates to the amount of time it takes to perform a particular action or cover a particular distance

A sprinter - beat opponents


Marathon runner - sprint finish

Progressive overload

Means gradually increasing the amount of work in training so that fitness gains occur, but without the potential for injury

Specificity

Means matching training to the particular requirements or an activity.


You must make sure that your training is appropriate for your sport. This is so that you are training the right muscles and body systems, rather than areas of fitness that will have little impact on your performance


A rower - plan their training using a rowing machine