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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
History of Chicago Organized Crime
*Lake Michigan Illinois River Canal
*The Sands
*Mike McDonald; organized against "Blue Laws"
*Hinky Dinky Kenna and Bathhouse John Coughlin
*Mount Tennes
*William Thompson
*Jim Colosimo
*John Torrio
*Len Small
*Wiliam Dever
*Chicago Beer Wars
*Northside Beer War
Lake Michigan Illinois River Canal
*1845: Lake Michigan-Illinois River canal opened up; allowed commerce from east coast to move west
*made Chicago an important hub of economic activity; goods, workers, tourists, transients, could sail to Chicago via the canals and Great Lakes by water
*large scale transport no longer has to go over land
*Railroads soon followed
The Sands
* ○ With booming economy and population and transient, vice soon follows; leave home and go a little crazy
*all the people start to partake in gambling, alcohol, prostitution, drug use, big four vices centered out of Chicago because commerce and transportation centered out of Chicago
*A whole district concerning vice operation sprung up
*saloons, opium dens, brothels, all in one district
*by Civil War, so notorious that Civil War soldiers were shipped to Chicago to have R&R
*Chicago takes on name of Wicked City
*Currently, all the vice is not organized; individual entrepreneurs running individual businesses
Mike McDonald
*1873, all the individual entrepreneurs in Sands District become organized under Mike McDonald
*Blue Laws: laws that are generically designed to outlaw vice; make gambling, drugs, alcohol, and prostitution illegal
*Mike McDonald recognized the movement and worked to thwart it; organized the individual entrepreneurs and get them to cheap in their resources; able to place into power a mayoral candidate he could control and won an election; took over the politics of Chicago, and thus able to suppress the blue laws; began organizing Sands District into a criminal network
*Eventually gained control of railroads, allowing or disallowing them to operate in Chicago depending on pay; controlled newspapers and other forms of major commerce; controlled legitimate economic activity
*Nickname becomes King Mike; most powerful entrepreneur of his time; first version of organized crime brought to the city
*Eventually fell from power; wife cheated on him with his minister and he became depressed
*the alderman (like city council members) of Chicago stepped into his place
Hinky Dinky Henna and Bathhouse John Coughlin
*took over the saloons and brothels from McDonald
Mount Tennes
*took over the gaming operations, or gambling; did so by controlled the wire services of the time; all instant communications to spread information across the country;
*controlled the information passed between betters and bookkeepers; stop information from disseminating about results of event and can continue to take bets after the race is over
*only allowed those bookies who paid him a significant kickback to get the right information in a timely fashion so they could run their businesses; allowed him to control gambling
*Eventually spread the strategy outside of Chicago; at height controlled 50 cities' wire services;
*set up first true national gambling syndicate controlled out of a single operation
*Bookkeepers forced to work with Tennes
William Thompson
*1915, becomes elected mayor of Chicago; does so by playing off of nativisim going on in the area; prejudice directed at an ethnic group; went from ethnic neighborhood to ethnic neighborhood and said that he understood that group's problems and would get rid of another ethnic group and gained favor in each group separately; took mayor's office
*centralize policing authority; took the capacities of alderman to hire and fire cops away from them; caused the aldermen to lose control of crime, can no longer provide police jobs to just anyone; couldn't develop voting blocks and pay people off with the civil service jobs
* gains the power; couldn't control crime in the individual districts; too big an area whereas aldermen had smaller districts; not effective control; centralizes the entrepreneurs and gangsters develop and organized crime
Colosimo vs. Black Hand
*Italian Black Hand recognized Colosimo had a lot of resources and attempted to extort him, saying they'll kill him and his family unless he starts paying them a lot of money
*Collosimo calls John Torrio, a New York mobster and head of James Street Boys gang, notorious for their violence
*Torrio comes to Chicago and kills the entire Black Hand group and Colosimo is very grateful and asks Torrio to step in as operational manager under him
*Torrio moves to Chicago, though his emotional ties are in New York
Jim Colosimo
*first true gangster and godfather of Chicago; controlled by Thompson
*white slavery
* celebrity godfather
*Black Hand vs. Colosimo
White Slavery
*went to Europe to find women who wanted to go to new world and offered jobs once their, paid their passage to US, and then turned them over to his specialists who forced sex on the women for a time until they were so demoralized they'd accept the job of prostitute
Power after Colosimo's Death
1. Dion O'Bannion in the Northside
2. Spike O'Donnell in the Southside
3. Torrio/Capone organization; largest of the groups
John Torrio
*Began to exercise political power; bribed officials like Len Small for political protection
*Suburbanized the Chicago OC by moving it out of the city to Cicero; not under sway of Chicago politics, has its own politicians; few politics so easier for Torrio to control
William Dever
*replaces Thompson as mayor of Chicago; was the exact opposite of Thompson; was an honest politician; couldn't be bought; 1st thing he did was clean up Chicago policing; any officer suspected of taking bribes or otherwise under the influence of Torrio's or the other organizations was removed and new, stable, honest authorities were put in their place
*he destabilized the city; the police officers had been mediators to keep the peace between the prohibition gangs and syndicates; new police went out and arrested both sides, didn't side; so-called Chicago Beer Wars broke out
Northside Chicago Beer War
*between O'Donnel and Torrio organziations; O'Donnel had been incarcerated at the time of Colosimo's death and so didn't have opportunity to reassert himself and capture territory; when out he attacked Torrio organization primarily because it had the largest amount of territory and they had a border; Torrio won and killed 7 of O'Donnell's gang; 1923; body count 7:3
*Thompson Machine Gun or Tommy Gun; Potential for carnage increased exponentially, not just gangsters but unintended targets/civilians; those deaths accelerated concern over the gangs in local, state, federal; immense scrutiny on Chicago mob
Westside Chicago Beer War
*O'Bannion sold Torrio a still in a territory Torrio wanted and O'Bannion's territory; Torrio paid good money and expected over time to make a nice return; unfortunately, the still was raided almost immediately after Torrio's purchase; came to Torrio's attention that O'Bannion knew that the raid was going to happen beforehand and so Torrio takes him out in his flower shop
*Because Torrio takes out O'Bannion, Hymie Weiss (second in command) puts a hit on Torrio, but it doesn't kill him; slit throat but survives; Torrio takes it as a message from God and insight into his future if he continued in his criminal ways; decides to get out of the gang and puts Capone in charge in his stead; leaves Chicago and moves to New York and becomes a consigliare (advisor) for the Dutch Schultz organization and dies a natural death in 1957
*Al Capone comes to power
Rise and Fall of Al Capone
*Westside Beer War
*St. Valentine's Day Massacre
*Depression/Prohibition ends
*Elliot Ness
*Frank Wilson (US v. Sullivan)
*Sam Giancana
*Meyer Lansky; Cuba and JFK
St. Valentine's Day Massacre
*Northside war ends Feb 14, 1929; last straw in public tolerance towards the gangs at all
*Seven waiting for a beer delivery, six gunmen and one dentist in the wrong place; two officers (Capone's men dressed as officers) show up and take Bugs Moran's men and lined them up against the wall as if for a pat down and shot down; hit three times, once across legs, once across torso, and once across the head; pool of blood supposedly 80 feet wide; ended the war
*Bugs Moran was not present at the massacre
Depression/Prohibition ends
*When Depression hit, not a lot of discretionary income is left in the country let alone Chicago; people don't have money for the vices; profits begin to sink heavily; hurt business
Elliott Ness
□ Characterized in Hollywood as the man who brought down Capone and consummate officer
□ Prohibition officer and a revenue collector; harassed Capone unmercifully; broke up a lot of Capone stills and arrested a lot of his men; confiscated a lot of Capone's trucks and drove them past the hotel where he was
□ Was an annoyance to Capone but his activities were very minor; one still gone was not a big pinch to the business and Capone simply replaced them
□ Was an unrelenting self-promoter; wrote a book called the Untouchables; wrote scripts for Hollywood describing his life and exploits; ran for political office on his capacity to take down Capone; captured public's imagination; was actually a competent officer but didn't really have the capacity to take down the organization
Frank Wilson and US v. Sullivan
*Set a precedence that suggested that all income was taxable, even income generated illegally
*Frank Wilson, an IRS agent, took down Capone with tax evasion in 1931 and got him; Capone loses his appeals in 1932 and is sentenced to federal prison in Atlanta and is transferred to Alcatraz; released in 1939 but brain damage so incoherent; dies in 1947 from pneumonia brought on with complications with syphilis
Frank Nitti
*Capone's underboss
*First individual to integrate the Chicago mob and allowed non-Italians in
* ○ Developed union labor racketeering; particularly involving major film production studios of the time; moved the Chicago mob west; infiltrated LA and Hollywood as lucrative markets to exploit; controlled the studios through control of the projectionist unions; he then controlled when films could be shown
*Goldwater and Bioff Affair
Goldwater and Bioff Affair
§ Worked the projectionist union relationship through Willie Bioff, his rep in Hollywood
□ Bioff also tied to Barry Goldwater, a US Senator out of Arizona; first Goldwater denied the relationship in investigations but eventually admitted to it; suggested it existed because he was trying to understand mob control of unions
Sam Giancana
*Last great Chicago mob boss; Assumed power in 1957 and relinquished it in 1966
* § Worked with Lansky to support mob's movement into Cuba under Batista; Chicago mob money used by Lansky to set up the casinos and gambling
*JFK Assassination
*Giancana was assassinated in 1975 while under FBI protection
Fidel Castro and the mob
Assassination attempt on Fidel Castro; when Castro came to power, presented a problem for US gov; sympathizer to the Soviet Union and ties to USSR; believed USSR would place military in Cuba, CIA approached the Chicago outfit to assassinate Castro; Chicago outfit wanted him gone because he had shut down the casinos and gambling; Castro was to be poisoned by lacing his cigars but it never materialized; ties between Giancana and federal government become evident
Prison Gangs
*Environment originated out of
*Spread through transfers and the media
*The extent and covert
*La Nuestra Familia
*Mexican Mafia
*Aryan Brotherhood
*Black Guerilla Family
*Texas Syndicate
*Organization models
Environment originated
*Early major gangs all appear to be independent creations; not tied to one another but looked and functioned a lot alike; similar but no connection
*Best explanation comes from Irvin Goffman, theorist and sociologist; wrote Asylums, an ethnography of mental hospitals; defined a concept total institution: a place of work and residence where like situated individuals lead a formally administered round of existence cut off from larger society
® A large number of people all sharing the same circumstance with no opportunity to leave the circumstance; told what to do and removed from everything they've ever known
Spreading of the gangs elsewhere

The media: in the 70s and 80s there were a lot of high-profile riots; a lot of interest focused on the prison subculture; every news conduit began to focus their lenses on the hidden world and drew it into the light; media allowed the gangs to replicate around the country; gangs with same names claiming to have same histories but without direct contact to each other; eventually direct contact did catch up and they did affiliate; initial spread happened electronically without contact

Residivism: likeliness to return to the prison; individual released will likely be rearrested; 70s and 80s had very high residivism rates; correction system no longer corrected and no longer functional on the outside; rate went up to over 70%; brought with them their gang cultures
Extent of the gangs
*Current dillemma to get an accurate count of the size of gangs in institutions
*Much of gang activity is covert; officials don't know about it and so can't count it

Prestige: Wannabes claim gang affiliation but don't really have it; like the reputation of the gang affiliation; make claims to seem interesting so they can engage conversation with researchers and officials
*National Gang Survey suggests 30% of total inmate population is gang affiliated and □ Currently about 130 known prison gangs
Mexican Mafia
*Largest and most powerful
*Established in 1957 in Devel Vocational Institution
*Makes money through heroine primarily
*Sources from Durango, Mexico with the Herrera Family
*Tar heroine
*Also from Tijuana Cartels
*First time established that Mexican Mafia was controlling drug trade outside of the institution
*Affiliates released had retained their affiliation and were taking over territories
*Market controlled was much more expansive than just the prison
*First time, Mexican Mafia attacked a non-affiliate Hispanic gang
*Led to the establishment of the La Nuestra Familia
La Nuestra Familia
*Established 1967 in the Soledad Prison
*Extorts; Inmates with problems can pay for protection to help resolve the problem
*Existed prior to 1967 as a social group
*Formally recognized by prison administration
*Had a set of bylaws recorded
*Devolved into a gang after providing protection from Mexican Mafia attacks
*Affiliated with other gangs to team up against the Mexican Mafia; White gangs and black gangs
Aryan Brotherhood
*Established in 1960 in San Quentin Prison
*Originally known as the Diamond Tooth gang
*Style statement adopted; to join the gang, had to hollow out front tooth and carve out a glass shard to glue into the hollow; give sense of having a diamond in the tooth
*Primarily makes money through sale of meth
*Strong ties fiscally to a variety of outlaw motorcycle gangs; Hell's Angels
*Politically tied to the Aryan Nations group
*Neo-Nazi group; white supremacist; purity of white race and separation of races
*Radical, Christian belief called Christian Identity
*Our government is controlled by the Jews or ZOG (Zionist Occupational Government); Jewish influence on government is so profound that they're holding Christians hostage in their own country to promote Jewish interest; Below even people of color
Black Guerilla family (BGF)
*Established in 1966
*Makes its money through protection, gambling, and prostitution
*Of all the gangs, it has the most legitimate political aspirations
*First founded and headed up by George Jackson; affiliated with Huey Newton and the Black Panther party
*Tried to make the prisoner rights movement as part of the Civil Rights Movement
*General feeling that the justice system and prison system was so geared against people of color that prisoners were in effect political prisoners, victims of prejudice
*More arrests and convictions; Tried to improve rights; There was a great deal of progress for prisoner rights at the time
*Also fell victim to organized criminality
*Exploits criminal population to make money
Texas Syndicate
*Smallest of transnational
*Formed in 1970 in Folsom Prison
*Story goes, a group of Texas inmates were in Folsom Prison and were being targeted by the other inmates for abuse; band together and formed the syndicate; inmates released and went back to Texas; re arrested and imprisoned and the syndicate reformed in the Texas prisons several years later
*Makes money through extortion and violence
*Despite being very small in number, TX Syndicate poses very large problem
*Violence destabilizes the subculture of the prison
Bloods and Crips
*First identified as prison gangs in 1992 in Los Angeles County Jails
*Thought of at first as security risk groups; groups that don't get along
*Existed prior to 1992
*Were juvenile street gangs
*Crips are the larger of the gangs
*Bloods developed as reaction to Crips; At war with each other since the 50s; Off and on, truces but hostility still exists
*Elevation from security risk group to prison gang came because of their control of cocaine within the institution
*On the street, accountable for 30% of cocaine sales at retail level across the country; inside institutions, controlled as well
1. Geography; Not all transnationals show up everywhere; Hispanic dominate in the South West and South East; Black gangs in the Northeast and Southwest; White gangs show up in the Northwest and middle America

2. Organized politically/ideology; Some political leanings/ideological leanings; BGF with prison rights

3. Organized along racial lines; Environment tends to breed racism; Limited resources and so tend to fight; Tend to organize around race; Are a few multi-racial gangs;Texas Syndicate: merger of white and Hispanic; A lot of smaller gangs; Not the norm

4. Lifestyle Issues; What these gangs can anticipate once they leave prison; Lifestyle afterwards; Aryan Brotherhood tend to go back to Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs; Communal living, transient, etc.; Not all gangs lead to this type of situation, though
Describe the membership, leadership, and lifestyle of prison gangs
Membership: affiliation, initiation, and commitment

Leadership: Council v. Single; Prowess, Violence, Seniority, Election

Lifestyle: Absolute Loyalty, Outward Compliance, Complete Immersion, Restricted Affiliation
*can become member by transferring membership; affiliate gang; member of Hell's Angels can become a member of the Aryan Brotherhood; blood or crip can become with that in prison; Need to be a known member
*If not a known member, must be initiated; Designed to prevent infiltration; Have to do something you wouldn't do if you were an undercover officer or gang rat
*Once in the gang, have to continue to provide for the gang; Pay your dues; Whatever the gang needs, you work to make happen and be active
*Hollywood myth is that once in you can't get out
*Most gang affiliation, particularly the small gangs, simply tends to dissipate once the individual is released or transferred; Transnationals have a bit more seriousness
Affiliation across time does also tend to dissipate
*Vote; larger, transnationals vote for gang leadership
*Prowess one has as an individual; very smart or very strong
*DeFacto leader because of the attributes you bring; Force your way into power by forcing others out of power; General likelihood of keeping leadership is slim
*Average length of leadership is about 2 years
*Attrition rates; Rate at which you wear down; Socially intense situation and may be targeted; Driven out of power by rival gangs; Removed from power by prison officials; May be released; term up
1. Loyalty; Expected to be absolutely loyal to your gang; Called being a True Believer; Anything the gang needs or desires of you, you attempt to provide; Absolutely loyal to their objectives

2. Exclusive; Expected to only affiliate with own gang members; Can't even be affiliated with neutral people

3. Immersed; You live the gang lifestyle; Don't take advantage of anything the prison might provide you like Vocational, Recreational, Therapeutic, Educational, etc.; All energy is directed towards gang, not self-improvement

4. Rational; Hollywood illusion that gangs are constantly at war for no reason; There are territory takeovers but ultimately gangs, especially Transnationals, try to keep the peace; keep the subculture in stability and functioning; Good for Business; If the tension is exploding, officials go to lockdown situation to maintain order; Commerce stops because gangs can't intearact; no way to do business; If expected to take part in programming, gang members do so to meet their obligations, but don't go much further
Describe the Illegal Enterprises and attempts to control prison gangs
*Illegal Enterprises: Drug distribution, extortion, contract murder, contraband, prostitution
*Control: Transfer, Segregation, Informants
Control Attempts and Problems
1. Separation/segregation; Separate the gang from the general population and from other gangs; Fourteenth Amendment guarantees due process and equal protection under the law; Washington v. US Supreme Court Decision; Means in the prison that all inmates need to have access to all things inside the institution

2. Transfer of leadership; identify the gang leader, providing organization and guidance in distribution, you move them away from the gang; in terms of the transnationals, transfer of leadership doesn't provide for much of a disruption; ® Spreads the problem; moving the leader of a gang to another institution only makes him replicate what he had before and be a leader at the new institution

3. Use of Informants; Rat the gang out; explain methods of obtaining and distributing contraband, who the leaders are, etc.; Don't last very long; Informants are very difficult to place
Origins of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gang
*Uniquely American
*WWII Origins
*Hollister, CA
*Sonny Barger
*Police Harassment
*Reduced membership desperation for money; Meth; youth counterculture
Hollister Incident
*About 750 POBOBS; Pissed off Bastards of Bloomingdale went into Holister and were deviant; Because of the number, the town didn't have the right facilities to accommodate them; Urinating in public, camping anywhere; A couple of police decided to arrest some of the POBOBs for public indecency; Brothers of the POBOBS (745 free) decided to break their brothers out and a riot broke out

*President of AMA was interviewed about how this had happened; He said that AMA was not accountable becuase the people who caused the problem were only 1% of the whole group; 1% from then on described as not part of the cultural norm; outlaws; Got national attention; national problem; Inspired Marlon Brando's The Wild One; Inspired a tradition of the motorcycle gang run; entire group gets together and rides down small towns' streets; Internalized the outlaw label
Sonny Barger
*Formally organized the Hell's Angels
*Created the idea of economy; that the gang could earn money in a variety of ways
*Also had a deviant bent; From a dysfunctional family, liked to fight, felt beyond the law; Had a criminal intent in terms of his personality; Morphed into the personality of the group as a whole
*Personae was so charismatic that the public identified the group as a whole as Barger's group and reflective of Barger

*Reinforced the idea that the gangs were outlaws in the public's mind; Led to police harrassment
Police Harassment
*Continuing police harassment of the gangs, despite whether or not they were doing something; Local populations didn't want the groups in the towns and so were harassed
*With the harassment, the fun and social aspect of the gangs began to fall away; It was no longer fun to be an outlaw motorcyclist
*Smaller size but intense loyalty to the organization
Youth Counterculture of the 1960s
*Young people questioning social boundaries; Sexually, spiritually, intellectually; Did so through the use of drugs; testing the boundaries of reality
*New economic market; vacuum; tend to be filled by people who can organize to support the need
*Hell's Angels were in need of money because of harassment and decreased numbers; Filled the economic void; Provided drugs to the youth counterculture; Particularly the synthetics like Meth, PCP, etc.
*The youth counterculture embraced the outlaw gang and were the logical extension; Turned back to society; Angels and outlaw gangs like them did not consider themselves a part of the counterculture; They were conservative and military; Exploited the counterculture to feed the organization
Growth of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
*California Attorney General Report
California Attorney General Report
*faced a cutback in resources; needed a reason to keep his budget in tact
*Issued a report on organized crime in California, identifying the outlaw motorcycle gangs as the organization; Report grossly exaggerated the activities of the gangs, particularly the Hell's Angels
*Went into great detail about perversities that could be attributed to the gang; Drugs in satanic rites, passing around women, etc.; Most of it was fabricated and hearsay; Effective in scaring the legislature in maintaining the budget
*Report and description caught the public's imagination; Media got a hold of this; Outlaw motorcycle gangs were widely publicized and interviewed
*Any male feeling any sort of alienation had a spark of hope to have a new way of life; Created a surge of interest in the organizations
*Drove the expansion of the gangs outside of the west coast and across the country
*Further supported by VietNam
Size of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
1. Hell's Angels formed in 1948 and headquarters out of Oakland, CA

2. Outlaws formed in 1959 and headquarters out of Detroit

3. Pagans formed in 1959 and has a floating headquarters (wherever the president is, that chapter becomes the headquarters)

4. Bandidos formed in 1966 and headquartered out of Corpus
Organization of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
*At the top is a chapter referred to as the Mother Club; Holds all the national officers; Holds the true elite of the organization; Cannot petition to join the mother club; invitation only; Performed some service to the club, something unique and identifiable and desirable
*Next are the Head Regional Chapters; The largest chapters in a region will serve the purpose; Responsible for the local chapters; North, East, South, West chapters
*Next are the Local Chapters; Each one is tied to a specific region, tied to a mother club

*Road Captain
*Limited Membership; Illegal Act, Probation, Male, Female: Old Ladies vs. Sheep
*Types of Rules
*Money Making Activities
*Enforcers; Simply the biggest and baddest guys there to enforce the rules of the club; Hell's Angels's Filthy Few; Responsible for protecting the president; Generally responsible for carrying out contract violence; Someone paying for hits or to beat someone out; Responsible for intelligence; Only members allowed to ride bikes without their colors/vests; Infiltrate other clubs and often within their own organization to be sure chapters are abiding by the laws
Road Captain
*Importance of the motorcycle run, like the 4th of July Run; Large ride through the country side; All the organizations may be meeting up at one point, someone is in charge; Social function
*Road captain deals with logistics of the events; Especially regional and national levels of runs; Thousands of people coming into one area
*Need food, gas, motorcycle parts, safe places to stay, accommodation, proper permits so they won't be turned back; Outside of the president, road captain is probably the most important part of the group
Limited Membership
*Membership tends to be white, though a few are predominantly black or interracial or hispanic; Almost exclusively male
*Women are referred to as associates; generally fall into one or two categories: Old Ladies: women who are tied to a single member of the club; Sheep: not tied to anyone in particular in the club; Most commonly, the patches worn by female associates have "Property of" above the logo of the club; Allowed to participate in social components of organization and the discretion of the men they are involved with; Have no rights
Types of Rules
1. Rules that govern interactions between club members; Not allowed to fight a brother member with weapons; can fight but can't kill each other

2. Governs interactions between clubs and outside entitites; Rule is that you provide drugs/sales what you say you will provide; don't cheat people

3. Govern club member appearance; All expected to wear your colors when on motorcycle or at club functions; Drive a particular American motorcycle

4. Participation in club events; All transnationals make it mandatory to participate in the 4th of July Run; One big event in a year

5. Sanctions for violations of rules; Riding with an exposed weapon in Hell's Angels is $100
Money Making Activities
1. Female Associates
2. Manufacture and distribution of drugs
3. Simple drug transport
4. Munitions sales
5. Muscle
6. Chop Shops
7. Legitimate enterprise
Future of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
1. Big 4 transnationals will continue to legitimize; New clubs will rise to take up the criminal economic vacuums left behind; Breed and Satan's Disciples for instance are moving into the vacuum

2. Increased friction between the smaller outlaw groups and other types of syndicates; Mafia having fits with outlaw groups in the North east and Hispanic in the South West; Don't respect boundaries; Economic, geographic, etc.

3. Increased sophistication of organization and growth in membership; All transnationals have accounting firms and legal teams on retainer; 1000-2000 new members each year nationally or internationally
Video: The Kennedys
• JFK: 1945 own record as war hero, he had saved the lives of his crew; age 28, ready to fulfill his family's political destiny; 1947, house of rep; 6 yrs later the senate; Women and voters fell for his charm and looks; 1954, married Jackie-O; Two years later sought the nomination for VP
*1st. WV primary; heavily protestant state; reports persisted that Joe colluded with mafia to stack ballots in his son's victory; Buy votes for cash; DeMotto and his men paid rural sheriffs who counted the votes; JFK won; trade was for one mob boss to move back to US
*Another debt; foreign policy; overthrowing Cuba's Castro;believed a communist regime in our hemisphere was undesirable; Hit on Castro; 3 bosses called in for the hit, including Giancana
*Appointed Robert as Attorney General, who declared war on the Mafia; Committed himself to make the pursuit of OC his number one priority and no one was effective as him against the mob; Going after the people who had been close to his father, were trying to kill Castro for the CIA, and had gotten JFK elected; 1961, FBI recorded Rosselli and Giancana about Sinatra's attempts to re-align the JFK; Mob was feeling double-crossed; president did not bring back the exiled mob boss; widespread belief to kill the Kennedys
*JFK killed; description of Lee Harvey Oswald; caught him in a theater; 24 year old suspect worked at the Texas schoolbook depository; Picked because he immediately deflected suspicion of organized crime; 17, he was in the marines but he became increasingly disaffected; declared himself a Marxist and learned Russian; defected to Russia and married a Russian woman; 1962, became disillusioned with Soviet Union and came back; kept his Communist ideals and joined a Fair Play for Cuba party
*Telephone records connect him to mob bosses across the country; most useful contacts were with the Dallas police; in and out of station all the time and provided the officers with women, booze, etc.
Oswald is killed by Jack Ruby; 1963, Ruby a 52 year old killed Oswald in front of a live tv program; Ruby told police he acted on an impulse to spare JFK's wife to come back for the trial of Oswald
Video: LA Mob
• Movies become billion dollar business
○ Gangsters become protection and enforcers
○ Johnny Rosseli becomes a behind the scenes fixer
§ Struck up with Hollywood set
§ His guy in Hollywood was Harry Cohn
□ 1932, Harry Cohn rose up $500,000 to buy Columbia; Rosseli, not Dragna became the head of Hollywood
• 1934, Rosseli went back to Chicago where he gave a seminar to take over Hollywood; explained movies paid through the tickets and there was a short amount of time to make it big for a movie
*Mob imported its muscle to make sure George Brown was elected president of the projectionist union and Buy-Off was his right hand man; Screens went dark during the first film in 500 theaters and the studios paid the mob $50,000 (and smaller one $25,000) to keep the films showing
• Benjamin Bugsy Siegle; Power of NY mob;Sent to LA in 1937 to shape up the west coast bookmaking operations
*All out assault against gambling ships anchored just outside of California's jurisdiction; The Rex owned by tony the hat; Ran gambling ships but not low-end; made for great American middle class;Water taxis brought people in; Peak times had 3000 people and could bring in $10,000 a day1939, ordered the casinos to cease operations and sent in; Tony Canaro had been tipped and gates of Rex shut it down to keep cops from going aboard; The Battle of Santa Monica Bay; Law men couldn't get aboard and Rex couldn't move; After 8 days, Canaro surrendered
*Siegel turned to Vegas, where gambling was legal; Gambled with mob money; demands sent costs for the Flamingo soaring; Juen 20, 1947, killed in his mistress's home and mob took over the Flamingo
*Battle for Siegel's bookmaking;Mickey Cohen public nuisance number one vs. Dragna's; Media loved him and loved to put him in the papers; he showed up at crime scenes that he didn't even commit to be tied to them and got power to shakedown people; Hollywood galmor with mob danger; courted publicitiy; Inflated image infuriated Dragna, as did his hold in the bookmaking ; Gambling czar of the West Coast
*Battle of Sunset Strip; Battle for gambling; 1947-50; Dragna family tried at least 5 times to get Cohen; two bombs in the house: one was accidentally under a safe, one the fuse blew out too soon; 1952, cohen sent to prison for tax evasion; Dragna had the opportunity to take over but failed
*William Parker; used Proactive policing; Legal and extra-legal methods; harassed the mbosters and did it in front of people to cause embarassment; Worked to keep outsiders from coming into the city; Airport Squad anticipated the arrival of mobsters and roughed them up, cuffed them, and saw that they were booked on the next flight out of town; Violated a lot of Civil Rights but managed to keep the mob weak
*Frattiano; One of west coast's most vicious killers; in Dragna's gangs; Many victims were shot in the back of the head; Admitted to committing 5 murders and participated in many more; never claimed an innocent person; only killed gangsters; Biggest mobster to be put in witness protection program; Charges included extortion, racketeering, and intention to commit murder; 1980, took the stand, first mobster to take the stand and verified the La Cosa Nostra; laid out the brutal reality of the mob; At the end of his testimony, he felt like they would convict the others; 11 out of 22 counts upheld and 2-5 year sentences; Family was broken with entire hierarchy going to jail
Video: Hell's Angels
• 1945; GI's return home to plenty of work and low-cost homes; coming home to peace-time America is a let down; Displaced after the war; Motorcycles were cheap; army surplus
*1956 Barger wants to join the club; Started Hell's Angels in Oakland; Thought that there should be a tighter affiliation with Hell's Angels club with a central organization; Turns the loose confederation into a brotherhood
*Angel's converge on a road rally called the Gypsy Tour; Racing out of town and at the top of the big hill and went into air and the two died; AMA cancelled tour and improved outlaw image of Angels;
*Establishes signature look; tattoos, vests, etc.
*1960s Portrayed as the model of renegade American culture; McWilliams editor of Nation Magaizone asks Hunter S. Thompson to write an article on gang; Afterwards wants to ride with Barger and his gang and hangs out in clubs to get an audience with Barger; Growing number of youth refused to tolerate war; Oakland Hells Angels keeps a watchful eye on the rioting youth; Sense of patriotism comes to bear in 1965 at a protest; Many angels were Vietnam and Korean War; Burst through the police lines and attacked the leaders of the protestors; Thompson is finishing up his book and all he needs is an ending; Another angel slapped his wife and then kicked his dog and Thompson said only punks did that; they then got into a fight and Thompson got beaten up
*Late 1960s; Fixtures in the pop scenes, rock starts court them as friends, and movies consult them; Rolling Stones come to the area to give a free concert; Angels are hired by Mick Jagger to be the security
*1970; Continue to ride in public; Incorporate and emblem receives a US patent
*Police believe Angels are developing an underground crime organization; Did contracts for the mob and learned from the Italians on the east coast; Decided to do it themselves rather than work with mob; Angels make money in major narcotics transactions, money laundering, oversease banking; Accusations about organized prostitution, narcotics, and murder for hire but few convictions
*1980s Cops stay focused on Sonny Barger, believing he is the leader, which he claims he is not; He says he is one member, not international, no formal leadership but all democratic
*End of 1980s; Charters to clubs in 15 countries; Police believe that they are an international crime ring specifically making money through drugs like meth
*1998, celebrates 50th anniversary
Video: John Gotti
*Born 1940, son of carptenter in the Bronx; in awe of power; grew up seeing hardworking father juxtaposed with the well-off mob
*1967 hijacked an airport and stole about $7000 worth of women's clothing and did time in Lewisburg
*Called the Dapper Don because he was always well dressed and was obsessed about looking different than everyone else
*Part of Gambino Family
*Gambino family rule that not to get involved with narcotics ever because of the strong sentences and possibility of someone turning state's evidence; most looked away from Gotti's drug enterprise
*Dec 16, 1985, Castellano shot; neither of his bodyguards had a gun; all 3 killed outside of restaurant; Gotti becomes boss of Gambino family and boss of bosses
*Believed he was the Teflon Don because no charges stuck; was untouchable
*Every year put on a far with rides for kids, fireworks, and free food; cultivated positive PR in community
*FBI set up squad against him; he suspected club was bugged and took business outside, but videos caught them anyway; started using an office above the club that FBI didn't know about and that belonged to a 75 year old widow; during the week that she was out, wiretap catches mob business, confessions of crime committed, and murders
*Sammi the Bull, who had worked up to Gotti's closest sidekick and underboss turned against him and testified
*April 2, 1992 brought back to court and found guilty of 13 counts of racketeering and murder; sentenced to life in prison with no parole in a maximum security prison in Illionois
Lucchese Family
*From Masseria family
*Reina was 1st godfather of the family; into gambling, prostitution, less profitable arenas; tried to take out Masseria but failed; taken out very shortly
*Gagliano put in charge with Lucchese as underboss; Gagliano taken out and Lucchese takes power
*Gagliano children: Frances married son of Gambino and tied families together in an alliance; Robert had no ties to organized crime and joined the air force and was 1st evidence of Italian-Sicilian mob legitimizing
Colombo Family
*originated after Castellammarese War
*headed by Profaci; mafioso in old Sicilian sense and not particularly criminal; made money in olive oil imports; didn't recognize legitimacy of US gov tax and didn't pay; respected by everyone
*Challenged by Gallo brotehrs who wanted to turn from traditional to Americanize like everyone else; wanted rewards to be accorded based on productivity not bloodline and wanted more profitability in drugs; go to war, one Gallo is killed and other imprisoned; Profaci dies of natural causes
*Magliacco takes power and forms alliance with Bonnano and attempt to take out Lucchese and Gambino; Joe Colombo (Underboss) rats them out to Gambino, who hits Magliacco and drives Bonnano to hiding in Canada and puts Colombo in power
*Colombo founds Italian-American Civil Rights League in 1970 to dispel Mafi myth; increased scrutiny from press and police, which Gambino critizies; hit in front of everyone at a 1971 Italian-American Unity rally and is comatose
*Persico takes over with Gambino and Lucchese blessings; disbands Italian-American Civil Rights League
*Bonnano was head of family; fled to Canada; had longest run 1931-63; 1971 had a biography; 1982 wrote an autobiography; major player in 1957 Appalachian incident (1st evidence Mafia was national rather than regional)
*At the core of last great NY Mob War; allied with Magliacco and left for Canada; went after Lucchese and Gambino; called "Banana War"
*Bill Bonnano (son and traditional successor) vs. Gasper DiGregorio (underboss) vie for power; family splits
*Families ask Bonnano back to end war and put family in order and he'd be forgiven; can't come back to power but can come back; Bonnano puts Sciacca in power, not son or underboss; Sciacca completely accepted by everyone and Bonnano allowed to retire and dies of old age